释 义 adj. 单克隆的；单细胞繁殖的
同根词 monocyte n. [基医] 单核细胞；[基医] 单核白细胞；
例 句 Objective: To prepare the monoclonal antibodies against polycystin 1 intracellular region and to study the distribution and expression of polycystin 1 in kidney tissues. 目的：制备多囊蛋白1胞内区单克隆抗体，并用以观察多囊蛋白1在肾组织中的分布与表达。
Antibody 英 /'æntɪbɒdɪ/ 美 /'æntɪ'bɑdi/
释 义 n. [免疫] 抗体；复数 antibodies
例 句 A breakthrough has just been made, though, as scientists have discovered an antibody that combats all types of the influenza A virus. 但是现在有一项新突破，因为科学家已经发现一种抗体可以对抗所有类型的A型流感病毒。
作者： Gautam Sule
Having found that APS plasma upregulates Mac-1 on the surface of control neutrophils, we reasoned that this upregulation might be directly responsible for increased neutrophil adhesion. Indeed, APS plasma-treated cells, but not control plasma-treated cells, demonstrated increased adhesion under both high-shear and low-shear flow conditions. Furthermore, a monoclonal antibody specific for the activated form of Mac-1 effectively neutralized adhesion in the context of conditioning with APS plasma, but had no effect in the setting of control plasma. To determine whether the ability of plasma to stimulate cell adhesion was unique to patients with APS or whether the phenotype might extend to any patient with history of thrombosis, we recruited 11 patients with history of unprovoked venous thrombosis but negative testing for antiphospholipid antibodies. As compared with healthy control plasma, plasma from the venous thrombosis (VT) cohort triggered no increase in cell adhesion. Along similar lines, conditioning neutrophils with VT-cohort plasma did not alter levels of activated Mac-1, CD62L, or CD64 on the neutrophil surface. Finally, we asked whether the increased cell adhesion triggered by APS plasma might be limited to patients with a history of “thrombotic APS” (i.e., at least one documented arterial, venous, or small-vessel thrombotic event).