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photoselective vaporization of the prostate

肾内泌尿

关键词肾内泌尿 治疗方法 经尿道前列腺绿激光汽化切除术

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Photoselective 

释    义   adj. [物]光敏的;感光性的

例    句   The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in the treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) on anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy.本研究的目的是评价前列腺绿激光汽化切除术(PVP)在治疗良性前列腺增生患者抗凝或抗血小板治疗中的安全性和有效性。

 

Vaporization   英  /ˌveɪpəraɪˈzeɪʃn/   美  /ˌveɪpərəˈzeɪʃn/

释    义   n. 蒸发;喷雾器;蒸馏器

例    句   To assess the prevalence and extent of irrigation fluid absorption during thulium laser vaporization of the prostate.目的是评估铥激光汽化前列腺过程中灌液吸收的发生率和程度。

 

Prostate   英  /ˈprɒsteɪt/   美  /ˈprɑːsteɪt/

释    义   n. 前列腺

               adj. 前列腺的

例    句   The team then showed in mice that stopping both the production and activity of CAMKK2 using sto 609, blocked the spread of prostate cancer cells and reduced the tumour size.然后,研究小组在对老鼠的试验中显示,使用STO 609后,CAMKK2的产生和活性都被停止了,有效的堵塞了前列腺癌细胞的传播,并减小了肿瘤的大小。

概述

1996年MALEK博士在Mayo临床研究中心将磷酸钛氧基钾(KTIOPO4,KTP)激光用于临床手术,经过不断的研究实验,为我们提供了一种新治疗方法。经尿道绿激光前列腺汽化术(PVP),是微创激光手术治疗良性前列腺增生的有效方法之一。 临床应用 患者取膀胱截石位。通过尿道膀胱镜,将绿激光纤维插入到患者的尿道前列腺部。光纤可大体分为直出和测出两种类型。对于初学的手术医生,易选择侧出光纤为易,手法较为简单。对于已经能熟练掌握该手术方式的医生

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Functional Outcomes and Complications Following Transurethral Procedures for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Resulting From Benign Prostatic Obstruction: An Update复制标题

良性前列腺梗阻所致下尿路症状经尿道手术后功能结局和并发症的系统评价和荟萃分析: 更新

发表时间:2015-06-06

影响因子:17.3

作者: Cornu JN

期刊:Eur Urol

Evidence synthesis: A total of 69 RCTs (8517 enrolled patients) were included. No significant difference was found in terms of short-term efficacy between bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (B-TURP) and monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (M-TURP). However, B-TURP was associated with a lower rate of perioperative complications. Better short-term efficacy outcomes, fewer immediate complications, and a shorter hospital stay were found after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) compared with M-TURP. Compared with M-TURP, GreenLight photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) was associated with a shorter hospital stay and fewer complications but no different short-term efficacy outcomes.

译文

证据综合:共纳入69个随机对照试验(8517名入选患者)。双极经尿道前列腺电切术(B-TURP)与单极经尿道前列腺电切术(M-TURP)近期疗效无显著性差异。然而,B-TURP与较低的围手术期并发症相关。与M-TURP相比,钬激光前列腺摘除术(HoLEP)近期疗效好,近期并发症少,住院时间短。与M-TURP相比,绿色光选择性前列腺汽化术(PVP)住院时间短,并发症少,但短期疗效无差异。 结论:本荟萃分析显示,在已发表的随机对照试验中,HoLEP比M-TURP有更有利的预后。与M-TURP相比,B-TURP和PVP在短期随访后的疗效参数方面没有显著差异,但围手术期的预后较好。需要进一步研究,以提供长期比较数据,并对新兴技术进行直接比较。