Urine 英 /ˈjʊərɪn; ˈjʊəraɪn/ 美 /ˈjʊrɪn/
释 义 n. 尿
例 句 Schistosomiasis is diagnosed through the detection of parasite eggs in stool or urine specimens.血吸虫病的诊断方法是，检测粪便或尿液标本中寄生虫卵。
Volume 英 /ˈvɒljuːm/ 美 /ˈvɑːljuːm,ˈvɑːljəm/
释 义 n. 量；体积；卷；音量；大量；册
例 句 Senior officials will be discussing how the volume of sales might be reduced.高级官员们将讨论如何才能减少销售量。
作者： Sakalis VI
Nocturia is defined by the International Continence Society (ICS) as the complaint that an individual has to wake at night one or more times to void. It reflects the relationship between the amount of urine produced while asleep, and the storage by the bladder of urine received. Nocturia can occur as part of lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD), notably in overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). Nocturia can also occur in association with other forms of LUTD, such as bladder outlet obstruction or chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Nocturia is a feature of systemic conditions affecting water and salt balance, leading to excessive production of urine at all times (global polyuria) or primarily at night (nocturnal polyuria), so that nocturia can be a systemic symptom. For example, cardiovascular, endocrine, and renal disease can affect water and salt homeostasis, leading to increased rate of urine production.