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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Urine Volume
Urine Volume

肾内泌尿

关键词肾内泌尿 临床研究术语 尿量

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Urine   英 /ˈjʊərɪn; ˈjʊəraɪn/   美 /ˈjʊrɪn/

释    义   n. 尿

例    句   Schistosomiasis is diagnosed through the detection of parasite eggs in stool or urine specimens.血吸虫病的诊断方法是,检测粪便或尿液标本中寄生虫卵。

 

Volume   英 /ˈvɒljuːm/   美 /ˈvɑːljuːm,ˈvɑːljəm/

释    义   n. 量;体积;卷;音量;大量;册

               adj. 大量的

               vi. 成团卷起

               vt. 把…收集成卷

例    句   Senior officials will be discussing how the volume of sales might be reduced.高级官员们将讨论如何才能减少销售量。

概述

尿量是指24小时内排出体外的尿液总量。尿量的多少主要取决于肾小球的滤过率、肾小球的重吸收和稀释与浓缩功能。由于人的个体差异和饮食习惯不同,正常人一天的尿液排出量差异较大,但一般情况下,一昼夜尿液排出量应该在0.8~2.0 L之间。当人们饮水过多时,尿量排出也多,饮水少且出汗多时尿量也会减少。此外,尿量变化还与周围环境(气温、湿度)、食物种类、年龄、精神因素、活动量等有关。 分类 24小时尿量大于2.5 L称为多尿(po

Medical Treatment of Nocturia in Men with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: Systematic Review by the European Association of Urology Guidelines Panel for Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms复制标题

下尿路症状男性夜尿症的内科治疗: 欧洲泌尿协会男性下尿路症状指南小组的系统综述

发表时间:2017-11-16

影响因子:17.3

作者: Sakalis VI

期刊:Eur Urol

Nocturia is defined by the International Continence Society (ICS) as the complaint that an individual has to wake at night one or more times to void. It reflects the relationship between the amount of urine produced while asleep, and the storage by the bladder of urine received. Nocturia can occur as part of lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD), notably in overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). Nocturia can also occur in association with other forms of LUTD, such as bladder outlet obstruction or chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Nocturia is a feature of systemic conditions affecting water and salt balance, leading to excessive production of urine at all times (global polyuria) or primarily at night (nocturnal polyuria), so that nocturia can be a systemic symptom. For example, cardiovascular, endocrine, and renal disease can affect water and salt homeostasis, leading to increased rate of urine production.

译文

国际禁欲协会(ICS)将夜尿症定义为一个人必须在夜间醒来一次或多次才能无效的抱怨。它反映了睡眠时产生的尿量与膀胱接收尿量之间的关系。夜尿症可作为下尿路功能障碍(LUTD)的一部分发生,特别是在膀胱过度活动综合征(OAB)中。夜尿症也可能与其他形式的路德症相关,如膀胱出口梗阻或慢性盆腔疼痛综合征。夜尿症是影响水盐平衡的全身性疾病的一个特征,它会导致在任何时候(全身多尿)或主要在夜间(夜间多尿)产生过多的尿液,因此夜尿症可能是一种全身性症状。例如,心血管疾病、内分泌疾病和肾脏疾病会影响水和盐的稳态,导致尿生成率的增加。