neonatal 英 /,niːə(ʊ)'neɪt(ə)l/ 美 /,nio'netl/
释 义 adj. 新生的；初生的
例 句 Neonatal neurons can migrate into the areas of the infarction, substituting some dead neurons. 新生的神经元还可以迁移到病灶区替代一部分死亡的神经元。
apnea 英 /æp'nɪə/ 美 /æp'niə/
释 义 n. [医] 窒息，[临床] 呼吸暂停
例 句 For example, patients with hypertension, high blood pressure and some patients are at night or during the morning high blood pressure because blood pressure at night of sleep apnea causes the disease. 比如说高血压病人，有的病人都是夜里血压高，或者早晨起来时血压高，这是因为夜里睡眠呼吸暂停引起血压病的原因。
作者： Noelia Aviles-Otero
Fifth, our study simultaneously evaluated patients with both NEC and SIP. This limits the ability to determine the role of AKI in each disease process specifically. While NEC and SIP are pathologically distinct conditions, in clinical practice, it may be difficult to distinguish between them with certainty using current classification schema. Moreover, we feel that both of these conditions provide a suitable pathophysiologic model for AKI. Finally, this study considered only patients with NEC/SIP; healthy controls were not included. It cannot be determined from this study whether exposure to caffeine might increase the likelihood of developing NEC or SIP, or alter the natural history of either disease when it occurs. Some small studies have suggested a direct association between caffeine exposure and NEC and an inverse relationship with SIP. However, large randomized controlled trials found no difference in the occurrence of these conditions among patients receiving caffeine versus placebo. Exposure to caffeine in preterm infants with NEC or SIP is associated with decreased incidence and severity of AKI. These data are consistent with other recent studies in the general NICU population and suggest potential utility of caffeine in preventing AKI. Further studies are needed to delineate optimal timing and dosing of caffeine to maximize its benefits.