释 义 adj. 衣原体的
例 句 For example, 10 - 40% of women with untreated chlamydial infection develop symptomatic pelvic inflammatory disease. 在沙眼衣原体感染未得到治疗的女性中，有10-40%的人发展为症状性盆腔炎症。
infection 英 /ɪn'fekʃ(ə)n/ 美 /ɪn'fɛkʃən/
释 义 n. 感染；传染；影响；传染病
例 句 In women chlamydial infection is one of the principal causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease. 在妇女沙眼衣原体感染是其中一个主要的原因，盆腔炎的。
作者： Pekmezovic Marina
FGT pathogens are constantly interacting with other members of the microbiota. A substantial number of synergistic or antagonistic associations have been described for different microbial partners in different niches; however, not much is known for the FGT environment. Besides the competition for the same spatial and nutritional resources, recent data show that such interactions could play an important role in cocolonizations or coinfections. In some cases, FGT pathogens can take advantage of others and ensure their survival. For example, C. trachomatis is a tryptophan auxotroph and relies on host sources which are limited due to a protective effect of human interferon gamma (IFNγ) via tryptophan catabolism. However, IFNγ exposure induces an upregulation of chlamydial genes that can synthesize tryptophan through indole salvage. This salvage pathway is possible during coinfections since other FGT pathogens (such as Prevotella spp., Clostridiales and T. vaginalis) can express a functional tryptophanase to produce indole from tryptophan.