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Continuous positive airway pressure

儿科

关键词儿科 治疗方法 呼吸系统

词汇介绍

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解析

continuous 英 /kən'tɪnjʊəs/  美 /kən'tɪnjʊəs/

释    义   adj. 连续的,持续的;继续的;连绵不断的

例    句   Most often, patients get a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device, which blows air intothe nose to prevent the throat tissues from sagging shut.  一般来说,患者会拿到一个稳定气道正压装备(CPAP),这个装备用于向鼻孔输入空气以避免喉咙组织下垂。

 

positive 英 /ˈpɒzətɪv/  美 /'pɑzətɪv/

释    义   n. 正数;[摄] 正片      adj. 积极的;[数] 正的,[医][化学] 阳性的;确定的,肯定的

例    句   Explain to interested patients that the standard treatment for sleep apnea is to provide continuouspositive airway pressure, or CPAP, through a mask worn during sleep. 向感兴趣的患者解释睡眠呼吸暂停的标准治疗是在睡眠时通过一个面罩提供持续气道正压通气(CPAP)。  

 

airway 英 /'eəweɪ/  美 /'ɛrwe/

释    义   n. 导气管;空中航线;通风孔

例    句   To analyze the effect of breathing support of nasal continuous positive airwaypressure(NCPAP)in hyaline membrane disease (HMD) of the newborn.  目的 探讨鼻塞式持续气道正压通气 (NCPAP)在新生儿肺透明膜病中的呼吸支持作用及其护理。

 

pressure 英 /'preʃə/  美 /'prɛʃɚ/

释    义   n. 压力;压迫,[物] 压强      vt. 迫使;密封;使……增压

例    句   Comparing UPPP with CPAP(continuous positive airway pressure), PSG changes were larger in CPAP.  与持续鼻腔正压通气比较,UPPP对PSG参数改变更优。

概述

无创持续气道正压通气(NCPAP)是在自主呼吸条件下,经鼻塞或面罩等方式提供一定的压力水平,使整个呼吸周期内气道均保持正压的通气方式。 应用指征 临床上出现以下情况时可考虑使用:①轻至中度的呼吸困难,表现为呼吸急促,出现三凹征及鼻翼煽动,皮肤发绀。②动脉血气异常:pH值<7.35,动脉血二氧化碳分压>45 mmHg或动脉血氧分压/吸入氧浓度<250 mmHg。 禁忌证 心跳或呼吸停止;自主呼吸微弱,频繁呼吸暂停;气道分泌物多,咳嗽无力,气道保护能力差,

Delivery Room Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and Pneumothorax复制标题

产房持续气道正压和气胸

发表时间:2019-08-09

影响因子:5.4

作者: Smithhart William

期刊:Pediatrics

The use of delivery room (DR) continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has increased in preterm infants in recent years,likely because of lower risk of the combined outcome of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia, as compared with DR endotracheal intubation. DR intubation decreased in preterm infants at Parkland Health and Hospital System (PHHS) as well, coinciding with participation (2005–2009) in the Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomized Trial (SUPPORT), in which researchers compared DR intubation to DRCPAP. New guidelines were published in 2010 and implemented by the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) in 2011, which included CPAP as a possible corrective measure for spontaneously breathing infants without apnea, gasping, or heart rate ,100 beats per minute who have labored breathing or persistent cyanosis, regardless of gestational age (GA).

译文

近年来,早产儿使用产房(DR)持续气道正压通气(CPAP)增加,这可能是因为与DR气管内插管相比,死亡或支气管肺发育不良的综合结果的风险较低。 在Parkland健康和医院系统(PHHS)的早产儿DR插管也减少,与参与者(2005-2009)在表面活性剂,正压和氧合随机试验(SUPPORT)中一致,研究人员将DR插管与DRCPAP进行了比较。 新指南于2010年发布,并于2011年由新生儿复苏计划(NRP)实施,其中包括CPAP作为可能的自发呼吸婴儿的矫正措施,无呼吸暂停,喘气或心率,每分钟100次呼吸或呼吸困难 紫绀,不论孕龄(GA)。