fat 英 /fæt/ 美 /fæt/
释 义 n. 脂肪，肥肉
例 句 All cases, no cases of intraoperative fracture, fat embolism syndrome and other postoperative complications.所有病例中无术中骨折病例、术后脂肪栓塞综合症及其它并发症的发生。
embolism 英 /ˈembəlɪzəm/ 美 /ˈembəlɪzəm/
释 义 n. 栓塞；闰日
例 句 Fat embolism syndrome is a serious complication after trauma or bone fracture, which may occurduring orthopedic operation. 脂肪栓塞综合征是创伤或骨折后的严重并发症，矫形外科及骨科手术中也可发生。
作者： Ward Leanne M
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is associated with an increased risk of bone fragility due to the adverse effects of prolonged glucocorticoid therapy and progressive muscle weakness on bone strength. Osteoporosis manifests clinically as low-trauma long-bone and vertebral fractures (VFs), with VFs frequent, particularly in those treated with glucocorticoid therapy. It is increasingly recognized that bone pain, medical complications of osteoporosis (such as fat embolism syndrome), and the potential for permanent, fracture-induced loss of ambulation can be mitigated with timely bone health surveillance and management. This includes periodic spine radiographs for VF detection because VFs can be asymptomatic in their early phases and thereby go undetected in the absence of monitoring. With this article, we provide a comprehensive review of the following 4 phases of bone health management: (1) bone health monitoring, which is used to identify early signs of compromised bone health; (2) osteoporosis stabilization, which is aimed to mitigate back pain and interrupt the fracture-refracture cycle through bone-targeted therapy; (3) bone health maintenance, which has the goal to preserve the clinical gains realized during the stabilization phase through ongoing bone-targeted therapy; and (4) osteoporosis therapy discontinuation, which places those who are eligible for discontinuation of osteoporosis treatment back on a health monitoring program.