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Complementary feeding

儿科

关键词儿科 临床研究术语 喂养

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

complementary    英 [ˌkɒmplɪˈmentri]  美 [ˌkɑːmplɪˈmentri]

释    义   adj. 补足的;(基因序列等)互补的;补充医学的;辅助性的;互补色的;余角的

例    句   Our purposes are different from yours, however, complementary, and considered by us, of the animal kingdom, just as important. 我们的目的与你们的不同,然而,我们认为其对动物王国的互补性是同样重要的。


feeding    英 [ˈfiːdɪŋ]  美 [ˈfiːdɪŋ]

释    义   n. 饲养;吃;输送

adj. 供给饲料的;摄取食物的

v. 饲养(feed的ing形式)

例    句   I have seen people feeding them by hand, and they seem to like the attention.我看到过人们用手喂食这些动物,它们看起来很喜欢这种照料。

概述

随着体格生长、消化道功能和神经心理发育的逐渐成熟以及对营养素需要量的增加,婴幼儿需要经历由出生时的纯乳类向成人固体食物转换的过渡时期。通常从婴儿满6月龄开始到24月龄完成。过渡时期的食物,是指除人乳或配方奶(兽乳)外,所添加的富含能量和各种营养素的固体、半固体(泥糊状)食物,又称“辅食”或“断乳食物”。此时,也是儿童快速生长和发育的阶段,对营养缺乏和过量十分敏感,并且暴露于新食物、口味和喂养经历的重要改变。适宜的营养和喂养不仅关系到近期的生长发育,也有益于成年后慢性疾病的预防。这一年龄段婴幼

Attending Informal Preschools and Daycare Centers Is a Risk Factor for Underweight, Stunting and Wasting in Children under the Age of Five Years in Underprivileged Communities in South Africa复制标题

参加非正式的幼儿园和日托中心是南非贫困社区五岁以下儿童体重不足、发育迟缓和消瘦的风险因素

发表时间:2019-07-20

影响因子:2.5

作者: Madiba S

期刊:Int J Environ Res Public Health

Child undernutrition continues to be a major global public health problem that is responsible for lost potential, morbidity, and death. In sub-Saharan Africa, child undernutrition is a huge public health problem that is not properly given the priority that it deserves. Governments of some of the countries with the highest levels of undernutrition are faced with multiple challenges and undernutrition often does not feature prominently among these problems, unless it becomes very severe and widespread. This could be because undernutrition is a complex phenomenon that has multiple causes. The consequence is that undernutrition is responsible for nearly half of all deaths in children under five years of age and responsible for around 3.1 million deaths in this population annually.Undernutrition is the outcome of insufficient food intake and repeated infectious diseases. Low weight for age or underweight, low height for age or stunting, and low weight for height or wasting are the three main indicators used to define undernutrition. Compared to other forms of undernutrition, stunting remains a problem of greater magnitude than underweight or wasting among children under five years old in the developing world. Stunting accurately reflects the cumulative effects of undernutrition that occur even before birth and during the most critical periods for growth and development and is aggravated by illness. Most countries have stunting rates that are much higher than their underweight rates, for example, globally, an estimated one-third (195 million) children are stunted, whereas 129 million are underweight. In sub-Saharan Africa, 40% of children under five years of age are stunted, 21% are underweight, and 9% are wasted. Childhood stunting results in delayed mental development and school performance.

译文

儿童营养不良仍然是一个主要的全球公共卫生问题,是造成潜在的损失,发病率和死亡的原因。在撒哈拉以南非洲,儿童营养不良是一个巨大的公共卫生问题,没有得到应有的重视。一些营养不良程度最高的国家的政府面临着多重挑战,营养不良往往不是这些问题的突出特点,除非它变得非常严重和普遍。这可能是因为营养不良是一个复杂的现象,有多种原因。其结果是,营养不良造成了五岁以下儿童近一半的死亡,每年造成这一人口中约310万人死亡。营养不良是食物摄入不足和反复感染疾病的结果。低体重的年龄或体重不足,低身高的年龄或发育迟缓,低体重的身高或消瘦是用来定义营养不良的三个主要指标。与其他形式的营养不良相比,发育迟缓仍然是发展中国家5岁以下儿童中比体重不足或消瘦更严重的问题。发育迟缓准确地反映了营养不良的累积影响,甚至在出生前和生长发育的最关键时期,营养不良会因疾病而加重。大多数国家的发育不良率远远高于体重不足率,例如,全球估计有三分之一(1.95亿)儿童发育不良,而1.29亿儿童体重不足。在撒哈拉以南非洲,40%的五岁以下儿童发育不良,21%体重不足,9%被浪费。儿童发育迟缓导致智力发育和学习成绩的延迟。