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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Myelogram
Myelogram

骨科

关键词骨科 诊断技术 影像

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Myelogram 英 /'maɪələʊɡræm/  美 /'maɪəlo,græm/  

释义   n. 脊髓X光像;脊髓选影照片 

例句   A normal myelogram in a dog with slowly progressive paralysis is very frustrating because the two most likely diseases (numbers 2 and 3) cannot be confirmed without an autopsy. 例如肌纤维的类型已被认为是影响短跑运动成绩的因素之一,与之相当的还有酶的适应和组织的肥大等。


概述

脊髓造影包括数字减影脊髓造影(DSM)、计算机断层脊髓造影(CTM)和磁共振脊髓造影(MRM)。脊髓造影可以辅助自发性颅内低压的诊断,能够有效、准确地定位脊髓脑脊液漏。适应征及临床意义脊髓造影可以辅助自发性颅内低压的诊断,能够有效、准确地定位脊髓脑脊液漏。通过脊髓造影明确漏口位置的患者行自体硬膜外血贴治疗预后良好,并指导靶  向硬膜外血贴治疗。另外,脊髓造影可应用于脑脊液漏点治疗后复查,以观察临床疗效。DSM、CTM和MRM均是诊断SIH的有效手段,联合应用或相互补充可提高对自发性

Towards a comprehensive routine outcome monitoring program for people with psychotic disorders: The Pharmacotherapy Monitoring and Outcome Survey (PHAMOUS)复制标题

针对精神障碍患者的综合常规结局监测项目: 药物治疗监测和结局调查 (PHAMOUS)

发表时间:2018-01-17

影响因子:4.6

作者: Agna A Bartels-Velthuis

期刊:Schizophr Res

In the Northern Netherlands, in the early 2000s several pilot studies were conducted on monitoring the physical health of people using antipsychotics, urged by the emergence of metabolic disturbances due to second generation antipsychotics. For the detection of diabetes, hypertension and metabolic syndrome, regular (at least once a year) measurements of Hb1Ac, blood pressure and waist circumference were introduced.In order to improve the quality of care for patients with psychotic disorders and other SMI, in 2006, the Pharmacotherapy Monitoring and Outcome Survey (PHAMOUS)was started, implementing a comprehensive ROM-program in four large mental healthcare organizations in the Northern Netherlands. PHAMOUS serves to map the physical, mental and social conditions of these patients, next to the effects of sustained medication intake.A comprehensive ROM-assessment can be successful in the following domains: (i) clinical process: continually optimize treatment decisions using repeated assessments; (ii) managerial: to generate management information to optimize strategic choices for the care systems; (iii) accountability: to improve transparency and generate information for external accountability; (iv) science: to provide data to study (course of) mental illness, symptom severity and care needs, and to assess the outcome of real-life implementation of (evidence-based) treatment protocols.

译文

在荷兰北部,在21世纪初进行了几项关于监测使用抗精神病药的人的身体健康的试点研究,这是由于第二代抗精神病药引起的代谢紊乱的出现。为了检测糖尿病,高血压和代谢综合征,定期(至少每年一次)测量Hb1Ac,血压和腰围。为了提高精神病患者和其他SMI患者的护理质量,2006年开始进行药物治疗监测和结果调查(PHAMOUS),在荷兰北部的四个大型精神保健组织实施全面的ROM计划。 PHAMOUS用于映射这些患者的身体,精神和社会状况,紧接着持续服用药物的效果。全面的ROM评估可以在以下领域取得成功:(i)临床过程:使用重复评估不断优化治疗决策; (ii)管理:产生管理信息以优化护理系统的战略选择; (iii)问责制:提高透明度并为外部问责制提供信息; (iv)科学:提供研究(病程)精神疾病,症状严重程度和护理需求的数据,并评估(基于证据的)治疗方案的现实实施结果。