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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis

骨科

关键词骨科 疾病 骨代谢疾病

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Osteoporosis 英 /,ɒstɪəʊpə'rəʊsɪs/ 美 /,ɑstɪopə'rosɪs/

释义   n. [外科] 骨质疏松症

例句   DEXA scans help find out whether you have osteoporosis or are at risk of developing it.

地塞米松扫描有助于了解您是否有骨质疏松症或处于危险的发展。

概述

一、疾病概述或定义骨质疏松症已成为全球性的公共健康问题,其并发症脆性骨折可使患者致残,并严重影响患者的生活质量。如何早期诊断是对其进行治疗和预防骨质疏松性骨折的关键。 二、病因及病理机制骨质疏松症分为原发性和继发性两大类,原发性骨质疏松症包括绝经后骨质疏松症 (Ⅰ型)、 老年骨质疏松症 (Ⅱ型) 和特发性骨质疏松症 (包括青少年型)绝经后骨质疏松症一般发生在女性绝经后5-10年内,老年骨质疏松症一般指70岁以后发生的骨质疏松,特发性骨质疏松症主要发生在青少年病因尚未明确。继发性骨质疏松

Current Treatments and New Developments in the Management of Glucocorticoid-induced Osteoporosis复制标题

糖皮质激素性骨质疏松症的治疗现状及新进展

发表时间:2019-07-15

影响因子:5.0

作者: Raterman H G

期刊:Drugs

Due to the anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects, GCs are frequently prescribed for the treatment of a variety of diseases, e.g., inflammatory rheumatic diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis, vasculitis, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), inflammatory bowel diseases, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.The clinical relevance of GIOP is demonstrated by the associated augmented vertebral and non-vertebral fracture incidence, which causes significant morbidity and negatively influences quality of life, especially in patients receiving long-term GC therapy. Moreover, fractures are often the presenting manifestation of GIOP, which illustrates that GIOP is still underdiagnosed and undertreated. Therefore, increasing awareness among physicians is needed to prevent morbidity and disability in GC-treated patients.

译文

由于抗炎和免疫抑制作用,GCs经常用于治疗多种疾病,例如炎性风湿性疾病(例如类风湿性关节炎,血管炎和系统性红斑狼疮(SLE),炎性肠病和慢性疾病)。 阻塞性肺病。GIOP的临床相关性通过相关的增强椎体和非椎骨骨折发生率来证明,其导致显着的发病率并且对生活质量产生负面影响,尤其是在接受长期GC治疗的患者中。 此外,骨折通常是GIOP的表现,这表明GIOP仍未被诊断和治疗不足。 因此,需要提高医生的意识,以预防GC治疗患者的发病率和残疾。