释义 n. 关节穿刺术
例句 Objective is to observe and evaluate the therapy efficacy of the TMJ arthrocentesis for treatment of TMD.
作者： Senturk M F
期刊：Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
This study demonstrated that SPA is an effective modality for the treatment of pain and restrictions in lateral excursion, protrusion, and MMO in cases of Wilkes stage 3 unilateral TMD. All of the parameters measured were improved in the short-term and long-term groups. Patients were followed for up to 24 months. Conservative treatment procedures such as manipulation of the mandible, splint therapy, and physical therapy are the initial treatment options in the management of TMDs. TMJ arthrocentesis for lysis and lavage has been recommended when these methods fail. This is performed with the patient under local anaesthesia for the irrigation of the superior TMJ space and release of the joint, and results show improved function, an increased range of motion, and a decrease in pain. The procedure leads to an increase in MMO, decrease in joint crepitus, and pain relief over the short term and long term. In those patients with internal derangement and inflammatory degenerative disorders of the TMJ, arthrocentesis has been proposed as an effective approach to manage the symptoms. Arthrocentesis also offers favourable and stable long-term results with regard to increasing the MMO and reducing the pain and dysfunction in internal derangement.