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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > radiculopathy
radiculopathy

骨科

关键词骨科 疾病 临床疾病

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Radiculopathy    [ræ'dɪkjʊləʊpəθɪ]  [ræ'dɪkjʊloʊpəθɪ]

        n. 神经根病 (一条或多条神经根的功能障碍或病理改变)

       Patients presenting with DS generally are older than 50 years and may have any combination of LBP, neurogenic claudication, vesicorectal disorder, and radiculopathy.

患者的年龄往往在50岁以上,并且可能合并有腰痛、神经源性跛行、膀胱直肠功能障碍及神经根病。

概述

一、疾病概述或定义 神经根型颈椎病 (cervical spondylotic radiculopathy, CSR) 是常见的退行性疾病的一种,其发病率约占颈椎病的 60%-70%,通常表现为神经根管狭窄,神经根受压所致的根性疼痛、麻木、无力等症状。而颈椎间盘的退行性改变是该病的主要原因,颈椎间盘退行性改变可以引起一系列继发性病理改变,如椎间盘侧后方突出,相邻椎体后缘及外侧缘的骨赘形成,小关节及钩椎关节的骨性增生肥大,关节突关节位置异常,椎间隙狭窄,黄韧带的增厚及向椎管内形成褶皱等,

Percutaneous Nucleoplasty for the Treatment of a Contained Cervical Disk Herniation复制标题

经皮髓核成形术治疗颈椎间盘突出症

发表时间:2017-11-15

影响因子:1.7

作者: Judith D. de Rooij

期刊:Clin Spine Surg

Cervical radiculopathy is characterized by compression of the roots of the nerve. When conservative treatment fails and symptoms persist or increase in severity, surgical treatment is considered. Anterior cervical discectomy with or without fusion is regarded as the standard treatment for cervical disk herniation. Recently, there is an evolving trend in spinal surgery towards less invasive techniques. Nucleoplasty is a minimally invasive technique in which radiofrequency technology is used for percutaneous decompression. During the last years nucleoplasty has been proven to be a safe and effective treatment to alleviate radiculopathy, caused by a contained disk herniation. Nucleoplasty is usually performed on an outpatient basis and is associated with a fast recovery time. This paper will describe the preoperative and postoperative management of cervical nucleoplasty as well as the surgical technique, accompanied by a video.

译文

颈神经根病的特征在于压迫神经根。 当保守治疗失败并且症状持续或严重程度增加时,考虑手术治疗。 有或没有融合的颈椎前路椎间盘切除术被认为是颈椎间盘突出症的标准治疗方法。 最近,脊柱外科手术朝着侵入性较小的技术发展。 核成形术是一种微创技术,其中射频技术用于经皮减压。 在过去的几年中,核成形术已被证明是一种安全有效的治疗方法,可以缓解因椎间盘突出引起的神经根病。 核成形术通常在门诊进行,并且与快速恢复时间相关。 本文将介绍宫颈成形术的术前和术后管理以及手术技术,并附有视频。