Gangrene 英 [ˈɡæŋɡriːn] 美 [ˈɡæŋɡriːn]
释义 n. [外科]坏疽
例句 When gangrene set in, his foot have to be amputate.
Fournier 's坏疽和钠-葡萄糖co-transporter-2抑制剂: 随机对照试验的荟萃分析
作者： G. Antonio Silverii
期刊：Diabetes Obes Metab
Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rare, life-threatening necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a Drug Safety Communication regarding the risk of FG associated with sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i), relying on the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System. To verify this association, we performed a meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials enrolling patients with type 2 diabetes, comparing SGLT2i with placebo or different therapies, collecting cases of FG reported as a serious adverse event. Risk of abscess, cellulitis and erysipela were secondary outcomes. We retrieved 84 trials enrolling 42 415 patients in the SGLT2i group and 27 158 patients in comparator groups. No difference was observed between SGLT2i and comparators in the risk of FG (Mantel-Haenzel odds ratio [MH-OR] 0.41 [0.09, 1.82]), abscess (MH-OR 0.94 [0.54, 1.65]), cellulitis (MH-OR 0.90 [0.71, 1.13] or erysipela (MH-OR 0.89 [0.45, 1.77]). The number of events was small, leading to a wide confidence interval that does not allow ruling out an increase in FG or skin and subcutaneous tissue infections.