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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis

骨科

关键词骨科 疾病 关节炎

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Osteoarthritis 英 /ˌɒstiəʊɑːˈθraɪtɪs/  美 /ˌɑːstioʊɑːrˈθraɪtɪs/          

释义   n. [外科] 骨关节炎

例句   Almost all of them have had some problems with cataracts, they can't hear very well and have osteoarthritis.他们中几乎所有人都一直存在白内障的某些问题,他们听力不好并且有骨关节炎。


概述

近年来,随着老龄化问题在国内的日益加重,因骨关节炎等慢性骨病引起的膝关节损伤致残严重危害老年患者的健康,如何提高人们对疾病的重视和对高危患者的管理提出了挑战。骨关节炎是临床常见疾病,由关节软骨损伤、软骨下骨质病变和滑膜的退行性改变引起,是力学机制和生物学机制协同作用的结果。 临床特点骨关节炎的临床特点是关节肿痛,活动后症状加重,存在压痛,活动障碍,严重的还会出现四肢畸形,对日常生活和工作影响较大,其中膝关节骨关节炎在导致老年人致残方面是主要因素。随着老龄化问题的日益加重,膝骨关节炎患者数量越

Surgery versus physical therapy for meniscal tear and osteoarthritis复制标题

手术与物理疗法治疗半月板撕裂和骨关节炎

发表时间:2013-08-15

影响因子:70.7

作者: Jeffrey N. Katz

期刊:N. Engl. J. Med

The high prevalence of meniscal tears in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee and the observation that these lesions are often asymptomatic challenge the ability of clinicians to determine whether symptoms are caused by the tear, osteoarthritis, or both. Clinicians who suspect that the tear is symptomatic may refer the patient to a surgeon for arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. The role of arthroscopic surgery in patients with osteoarthritis has been studied in two randomized, controlled trials over the past decade. One trial6 compared arthroscopic debridement and lavage with a sham surgical procedure, and the other compared arthroscopic débridement with a nonoperative regimen. Neither trial showed a statistically significant or clinically important difference between the arthroscopic and nonoperative groups with respect to functional improvement or pain relief over a period of 24 months.

译文

膝部骨关节炎患者中半月板撕裂的患病率很高,并且观察到这些病变通常是无症状的,这挑战了临床医生确定症状是否是由撕裂,骨关节炎或两者引起的能力。 怀疑有症状的眼泪的临床医生可将患者转介给关节镜部分半月板切除术的外科医生。 在过去的十年中,两项随机对照试验研究了关节镜手术在骨关节炎患者中的作用。 一项试验6将关节镜清创术和灌洗与假手术方法进行了比较,另一项研究将关节镜清创术与非手术方案进行了比较。 两项试验均未显示关节镜组和非手术组在24个月内在功能改善或疼痛缓解方面有统计学上的显着或临床上的显着差异。