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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Common peroneal nerve
Common peroneal nerve

骨科

关键词骨科 临床研究术语 坐骨神经分支

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Common /ˈkɑːmən/         

释义   adj. (common) 常见的,普通的;共同的;粗俗的,庸俗的;平民的,无特殊地位的;(品质)起码的;(动植物)分布最为广泛的;(社区、公众)共有的,共受影响的;(名词)通性的;(音节)长短共通的;(罪行)普通的

n. (common) 公有地;(学校)学生公共食堂;(非正式)常识;(基督教教会适用于各种场合的)普通礼拜;(对他人土地的)共同使用(或收益)权

例句   What do they have in common ?   他们有什么共同点呢?

 

peroneal 英 /,perə'niːəl/         

释义   adj. 腓骨的;腓侧的

例句   The shape, blood supply and innervation of long peroneal muscle were observed on 30 adult leg specimens. 在30例成年下肢标本上观测腓骨长肌形态、血液供给和神经分布。

 

nerve 英 /nɜːv/  美 /nɜːrv/          

释义   n. 神经;勇气;[植] 叶脉

vt. 鼓起勇气

例句   If you have it, you feel it pulsing in every nerve of your body. 如果你有野心,你会感觉你身体的每个神经都热血澎湃。


概述

腓总神经病变是最常见的外周神经单神经病变,病因很多,创伤最为常见。腘窝外侧沟及腓管为腓总神经易受损伤及卡压的两处解剖学位置。治疗方法和时间选择均可影响腓总神经病变的疗效。 解剖学特征腓总神经为坐骨神经的两大分支之一,27.3%的坐骨神经在骨盆内已分为胫神经和腓总神经,腓总神经在腘窝近侧角与胫神经分离,之后向外下方斜行于股二头肌内侧缘腘窝外侧沟内,至腘窝外侧缘跨过腓肠肌外侧头,绕过腓骨头后方,穿过腓管绕前下行,于腓管前内侧发出腓浅、腓深神经。 腓总神经易损因素腓总神经易于受

Effects of Hip Arthroscopy Without a Perineal Post on Venous Blood Flow, Muscle Damage, Peripheral Nerve Conduction, and Perineal Injury: A Prospective Study复制标题

无会阴桩的髋关节镜对静脉血流、肌肉损伤、周围神经传导和会阴损伤的影响: 一项前瞻性研究

发表时间:2019-07-14

影响因子:6.1

作者: Welton KL

期刊:Am J Sports Med

The most common complication is related to transient neuropraxia of the pudendal, sciatic, and/or peroneal nerves. Conflicting evidence is available as to whether traction time alone, or in conjunction with peak distraction force, is responsible for these injuries. Furthermore, the perineal post may contribute to soft tissue injuries, such as scrotal and vulvar tears, pudendal nerve injury, hematomas, and skin necrosis. A comprehensive literature review by Gupta et al demonstrated that 23.5% of all intraoperative complications were associated with the perineal post. To gain a more objective understanding of how and when some of these intraoperative complications occur, several studies have monitored changes to lower extremity nerve conduction, vascular flow, and soft tissue injury. Each of these studies used a perineal post to enable hip distraction, and all showed that greater than half of the hip arthroscopies performed resulted in significant alterations of conduction in peripheral branches of the sciatic nerve. In addition, Martin et al demonstrated a significant reduction in venous blood flow to the operative lower extremity during surgery with subsequently elevated D-dimer levels postoperatively. The majority of patients in this study also showed elevated markers of soft tissue injury postoperatively.

译文

最常见的并发症与阴部,坐骨神经和/或腓神经的短暂性神经失用有关。对于这些伤害是由单独的牵引时间还是与峰值牵引力共同造成的,有争议的证据。此外,会阴部可能会导致软组织损伤,例如阴囊和外阴眼泪,阴部神经损伤,血肿和皮肤坏死。 Gupta等人的综合文献综述表明,所有术中并发症的23.5%与会阴后相关。为了更客观地了解这些术中并发症的发生方式和时间,多项研究监测了下肢神经传导,血管血流和软组织损伤的变化。这些研究中的每一项都使用会阴柱使髋骨分散,并且所有研究均表明,进行的髋关节关节镜检查中有一半以上导致坐骨神经外围分支的传导明显改变。此外,Martin等人证明在手术过程中流向手术下肢的静脉血流量明显减少,且术后D-二聚体水平随之升高。这项研究中的大多数患者术后还显示出软组织损伤的标志物升高。