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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > intramuscular injection
intramuscular injection

骨科

关键词骨科 临床研究术语 药物注射方法

词汇介绍

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解析

intramuscular 英 /ˌɪntrəˈmʌskjələ(r)/  美 /ˌɪntrəˈmʌskjələr/         

释义   adj. 肌肉的;肌肉内的

例句   Is the move factor that inject uses intramuscular injection or hypodermic? 注射用的转移因子是肌肉注射还是皮下注射?

 

injection 英 /ɪnˈdʒekʃn/  美 /ɪnˈdʒekʃn/         

释义   n. 注射;注射剂;充血;射入轨道 

例句   Can you tell me this drug should be administered by intravenous injection or dripping? 你可以告诉我这个药是经由静脉注射还是静脉滴注吗?


概述

肌肉注射是一种常用的药物注射治疗方法,指将药液通过注射器注入肌肉组织内,达到治病的目的。人在诸多的情况下都会需要进行肌肉注射药物,用这样的方法来治疗疾病。但是需要注意的是肌肉注射有诸多注意事项,尤其是在进行臀部肌肉注射的时候,有很多需引起重视的地方。  基本要求熟练掌握肌肉注射法目的、注射部位的定位方法;正确进行肌肉注射部位的定位,正确实施肌肉注射法,能够运用无痛注射技术;严格遵守无菌技术操作原则、注射原则,有严谨的工作态度。 操作方法1、携用物至床旁,进行三查七对,向病

A survey of the current practice of intramuscular Botulinum toxin injections for hemiplegic shoulder pain in the UK.复制标题

英国肌肉注射肉毒毒素治疗偏瘫肩痛的现状调查。

发表时间:2019-03-10

影响因子:2.1

作者: Holmes RJ

期刊:Disabil Rehabil

Hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) is a common complication following stroke ranging in incidence between 23% and 40% at 6 months, with a peak onset of 4 months. It is associated with an increased length of stay during inpatient rehabilitation and is an important predictor of poor functional outcome in the upper limb. It has been shown to be significantly associated with reduced quality of life at 12 months post-stroke, as well as impacting on a patient’s mood, activities of daily living, and participation in leisure activities to a great extent. HSP is thought to be multifactorial in causation, encompassing both neurological (of central or peripheral nature) and mechanical (traumatic and insidious) factors. Consequently, the range of available treatment modalities is vast with one exploratory study identifying 175 different therapeutic interventions under 13 themes. Roosink et al. recommend a multifactorial approach to treatment but to do this there needs to be a clear diagnostic process to identify the different aspects of HSP at play. Unfortunately, it remains unclear in the literature what the optimal treatment modalities for the various subtypes of HSP are and, in practice, linking the causation with the most effective intervention remains problematic.

译文

偏瘫性肩痛(HSP)是中风后的常见并发症,发病率在6个月时介于23%至40%之间,发病高峰期为4个月。它与住院康复期间住院时间的增加有关,并且是上肢功能预后不良的重要预测指标。研究表明,它与中风后12个月生活质量下降显着相关,并且在很大程度上影响患者的情绪,日常生活活动和参加休闲活动。 HSP被认为是多因素的因果,既包括神经系统因素(中枢或外周性质)又包括机械因素(创伤和阴险因素)。因此,一项探索性研究确定了13个主题下的175种不同的治疗干预措施,因此可用治疗方式的范围非常广泛。 Roosink等。建议采用多因素治疗方法,但是要做到这一点,需要有一个明确的诊断程序来识别HSP发挥作用的不同方面。不幸的是,在文献中仍不清楚什么是针对HSP各种亚型的最佳治疗方式,并且在实践中,将因果关系与最有效的干预联系起来仍然存在问题。