摘要

First described by Robertson and Cloward in the 1950s, ACDF has been widely used to treat cervical myelopathy and radiculopathy. In experienced hands, ACDF represents a relatively straightforward operation with high rate of clinical success. Following ACDF, cervical collars have been used with the aim of preventing further spinal cord injuries promoting vertebral ossification and relieving pain and finally providing patients with an increased sense of security. Despite these theoretical advantages, the routine use of postoperative ECO is still based on a common practice and surgeon’s preference than solid evidence-based literature. Moreover, their use is not without complications, including skin breakdown and damage, difficulty in swallowing, coughing, breathing, and vomiting.

译文

ACDF由罗伯逊(Robertson)和克洛沃德(Cloward)于1950年代首次描述,现已广泛用于治疗颈椎病和神经根病。 在有经验的人手中,ACDF代表相对简单的手术,具有很高的临床成功率。 ACDF之后,为了防止进一步的脊髓损伤促进椎骨骨化和减轻疼痛,最终为患者提供更高的安全感,已经使用了颈圈。 尽管有这些理论上的优势,但术后ECO的常规使用仍是基于常规做法和外科医生对可靠ECO文献的偏爱。 而且,它们的使用并非没有并发症,包括皮肤破裂和损伤,吞咽,咳嗽,呼吸和呕吐困难。

Discectomy

骨科 腰椎间盘突出 手术操作
概述  :  

与定义长期以来,椎间盘切除术作为腰椎间盘突出症的常规治疗方法,一直在临床上普遍应用,近期效果良好。近年来,随着手术技术的发展和创新,有许多新型的腰椎内固定器械和融合器应用于临床。 术式的病理解剖基础将狗的自体髓核匀浆通过导管注入腰硬膜外腔,可引起附近组织明显的炎症反应,包括硬膜及硬膜外脂肪的水肿,纤维蛋白沉积,明显的多形核细胞浸润和少量的组织细胞-淋巴细胞-浆细胞浸润等,由此得出,自体髓核物质对硬膜囊和神经根有化学性致炎作用,当致炎物质释放刺激神经根,但无椎间盘压迫神经根时,就会出

Discectomy 英 [dɪ'sektəmɪ]  美 [dɪ'sektəmɪ]  

释义   n. 椎间盘切除术;椎间盘切除 

例句   The mean duration of follow-up after the second discectomy was 52.6 months.二次椎间盘切除术后的随访平均持续时间是52.6个月。


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