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Decompression

骨科

关键词骨科 治疗方法 腰椎间盘突出

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Decompression 英 /ˌdiːkəmˈpreʃn/  美 /ˌdiːkəmˈpreʃn/    

释义   n. [特医] 解压;降压

例句   We often have to do the compression and decompression operations. 我们经常需要进行压缩和解压操作。


概述

对于老年腰椎间盘突出伴椎管狭窄患者,广泛减压融合术可取得较好松解神经效果,但同时明显延长手术时间,增加了手术风险,且广泛减压融合及椎弓根钉内固定增加了腰椎应力集中,临椎阶段病变发生显著提高。有限节段减压融合,缩短了手术时间及减少了手术创伤,从而减少了术后并发症,但需要术者对责任节段判断精准,使有限手术取得最大治疗效果。 手术节段选择对于典型神经根受压症状患者,结合影像学检查,可明确手术节段,对于症状与  体征不符或不典型患者,采用增加肌电图检查,明确神经损害节段,疼痛诱发试验,及经

The long-term effects of microvascular decompression on social phobia and health-related quality of life in patients with hemifacial spasm: a 3-year prospective study复制标题

微血管减压术对面肌痉挛患者社交恐惧症和健康相关生活质量的远期影响: 一项为期3年的前瞻性研究

发表时间:2019-10-01

影响因子:1.8

作者: Kim YG

期刊:Acta Neurochirurgica

Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a motor disorder generally characterized by involuntary, irregular contractions of the ipsilateral facial muscles innervated by the facial nerve. The symptoms usually start from the orbicularis oculi muscle in the early stage, and then progress in frequency and severity, spreading downward to the ipsilateral facial muscles and even to the platysma. Although HFS is not a life-threatening condition, patients with chronic facial disfigurement experience serious visual/verbal disability, and social embarrassment and significant distress in social interactions, which can lead to social phobia. However, the relationship between social phobia and HFS has rarely been investigated.

译文

面肌痉挛(HFS)是一种运动障碍,通常特征在于受面神经支配的同侧面部肌肉非自愿,不规则收缩。 症状通常从早期的眼轮匝肌开始,然后在频率和严重性上发展,向下扩散到同侧的面部肌肉,甚至扩散到胸膜。 尽管HFS并非危及生命的疾病,但患有慢性面部畸形的患者会出现严重的视觉/言语残疾,社交尴尬和社交互动中的严重困扰,这可能导致社交恐惧症。 然而,很少有人对社交恐惧症和HFS之间的关系进行研究。