interferon 英 [ˌɪntəˈfɪərɒn] 美 [ˌɪntərˈfɪrɑːn]
释 义 n. [生化][药] 干扰素
短 语 Interferon IFN 干扰素
gamma interferon 干扰素；伽玛干扰素
alpha interferon 干扰素
例 句 We still use interferon but not that much. 我们也应用干扰素，但不是很多。
作者： Kazumoto Murata
Current treatment with nucleos(t)ide analogs (NUCs) safely controls the replication of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and improves prognosis in patients with HBV. However, the inability to completely clear HBV is problematic and novel therapies are desired. It has been believed that all NUCs have similar function to inhibit HBV reverse-transcriptase. However, our recent findings that only acyclic nucleoside phosphonates (ANPs; adefovir dipivoxil and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) had an additional effect of inducing interferon (IFN)-λ3 in the gastrointestinal tract suggests that ANPs are not only distinct in their structures but also in their functions from nucleoside analogs (lamivudine and entecavir). Since enteric lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can cross the intestine and affect peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), we hypothesized that orally administered ANPs could have further additional effects to modulate LPS-mediated cytokine profile in PBMCs. This study showed that pretreatment of PBMCs, from either healthy volunteers or patients with HBV, with ANPs inhibited LPS-mediated interleukin (IL)-10 production, which reciprocally induced IL-12p70 and tumor necrosis factor-α production in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the combination of IFN-α and ANPs synergistically enhanced LPS-mediated IL-12p70 production in PBMCs.