syringomyelia 英 [sɪ,rɪŋgə(ʊ)maɪ'iːlɪə] 美
释 义 n. [内科] 脊髓空洞症
短 语 traumatic syringomyelia 外伤后脊髓空洞症
例 句 Objective : To analyze MRI manifestations of post-traumatic syringomyelia and its formation mechanism. 目的：分析创伤后脊髓空洞症的MRI表现及其形成机制。
作者： John D Heiss
BACKGROUND: The origin of syrinx fluid is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the mechanisms of syringomyelia associated with cerebrospinal fluid pathway obstruction and with intramedullary tumors, contrast transport from the spinal subarachnoid space (SAS) to syrinx was evaluated in syringomyelia patients.METHODS: We prospectively studied patients with syringomyelia: 22 with Chiari I malformation and 16 with SAS obstruction-related syringomyelia before and 1 wk after surgery, and 9 with tumor-related syringomyelia before surgery only. Computed tomography-myelography quantified dye transport into the syrinx before and 0.5, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 22 h after contrast injection by measuring contrast density in Hounsfield units (HU). RESULTS: Before surgery, more contrast passed into the syrinx in Chiari I malformation-related syringomyelia and spinal obstruction-related syringomyelia than in tumor-related syringomyelia, as measured by (1) maximum syrinx HU, (2) area under the syrinx concentration-time curve (HU AUC), (3) ratio of syrinx HU to subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF; SAS) HU, and (4) AUC syrinx/AUC SAS. More contrast (AUC) accumulated in the syrinx and subarachnoid space before than after surgery.