Parkinson's disease 英 ['pa:kinsnz dizi:z]
释 义 [内科]帕金森氏病；震颤性麻痹
例 句 Scientists have shown that the first gene-based therapy developed for Parkinson's disease substantially alleviates the symptoms of the condition without the need to leave any devices in the body. 科学家首次展示了一种针对帕金森氏病的基因疗法，这种疗法可以实质性地缓解这种病患的症状而无需在患者体内植入任何器件。
作者： Nicholas C
Deep brain stimulation is an established therapy for Parkinson's disease; however, its effectiveness is hindered by limited understanding of therapeutic mechanisms and the lack of a robust feedback signal for tailoring stimulation. We recently reported that subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation evokes a neural response resembling a decaying high-frequency (200-500 Hz) oscillation that typically has a duration of at least 10 ms and is localizable to the dorsal sub-region. As the morphology of this response suggests a propensity for the underlying neural circuitry to oscillate at a particular frequency, we have named it evoked resonant neural activity. Here, we determine whether this evoked activity is modulated by therapeutic stimulation - a critical attribute of a feedback signal. Furthermore, we investigated whether any related changes occurred in spontaneous local field potentials. Evoked and spontaneous neural activity was intraoperatively recorded from 19 subthalamic nuclei in patients with Parkinson's disease. Recordings were obtained before therapeutic stimulation and during 130 Hz stimulation at increasing amplitudes (0.67-3.38 mA), 'washout' of therapeutic effects, and non-therapeutic 20 Hz stimulation. Therapeutic efficacy was assessed using clinical bradykinesia and rigidity scores. The frequency and amplitude of evoked resonant neural activity varied with the level of 130 Hz stimulation (p < .001). This modulation coincided with improvement in bradykinesia and rigidity (p < .001), and correlated with spontaneous beta band suppression (p < .001). Evoked neural activity occupied a similar frequency band to spontaneous high-frequency oscillations (200-400 Hz), both of which decreased to around twice the 130 Hz stimulation rate. Non-therapeutic stimulation at 20 Hz evoked, but did not modulate, resonant activity.