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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome

神经

关键词神经 疾病 酒精依赖

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

alcohol   英 [ˈælkəhɒl]  美 [ˈælkəhɔːl] 

释    义   n. 酒精,乙醇 [ 复数 alcohols ]

例    句   When under the influence of alcohol, I behave badly. 在酒精的影响下时,我有不好的行为。

 

withdrawal   英 [wɪðˈdrɔːəl; wɪθˈdrɔːəl]  美 [wɪðˈdrɔːəl,wɪθˈdrɔːəl] 

释    义   n. 撤退,收回;提款;取消;退股 [ 复数 withdrawals ]

例    句   Atomicity requires that both withdrawal and deposit should happen in one go, or neither mustoccur. 原子性要求提款和存款必须同时发生,或者二者都不发生。

 

syndrome   英 [ˈsɪndrəʊm]  美 [ˈsɪndroʊm] 

释    义   n. [临床] 综合征;综合症状;并发症状;校验子;并发位

例    句   To study the effect of rhubarb in treating patients with systemic inflammation reaction syndrome and its mechanism. 目的:研究大黄对全身炎症反应综合征患儿的治疗作用及其作用机制。

概述

酒精戒断综合征,是指酒精依赖者突然停止饮酒或骤然减少饮酒量时出现的一组症状。即在末次酒后6~28小时内开始出现的如焦虑、颤抖、心动过速、厌食、恶心、反射亢进、失眠、恶梦、出汗、高热、定向力障碍、呕吐、癫痫发作、谵妄等一系列典型的症候群。通常发生于因其他疾病而强行戒酒或由于发生与酒精有关的其他疾病而自愿放弃饮酒的患者中。戒酒综合征的出现,标志着个体对酒已产生了躯体依赖。分类一般将AWS分为三类,第一类为自主性的活动过多,此症状在末次饮酒后的数小时内表现出来,其中以颤抖、出汗、恶心、呕吐、焦虑最

Francisella tularensis Transmission by Solid Organ Transplantation, 2017复制标题

土茯苓通过实体器官移植传播,2017

发表时间:2019-04-01

影响因子:7.2

作者: Christina A Nelson

期刊:Emerging Infect Dis

In July 2017, fever and sepsis developed in 3 recipients of solid organs (1 heart and 2 kidneys) from a common donor in the United States; 1 of the kidney recipients died. Tularemia was suspected only after blood cultures from the surviving kidney recipient grew Francisella species. The organ donor, a middle-aged man from the southwestern United States, had been hospitalized for acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome, pneumonia, and multiorgan failure. F. tularensis subsp. tularensis (clade A2) was cultured from archived spleen tissue from the donor and blood from both kidney recipients. Whole-genome multilocus sequence typing indicated that the isolated strains were indistinguishable. The heart recipient remained seronegative with negative blood cultures but had been receiving antimicrobial drugs for a medical device infection before transplant. Two lagomorph carcasses collected near the donor's residence were positive by PCR for F. tularensis subsp. tularensis (clade A2). This investigation documents F. tularensis transmission by solid organ transplantation.

译文

2017年7月,美国一个普通捐赠者的3个实体器官(1个心脏和2个肾脏)受赠者出现发烧和败血症;1个肾脏受赠者死亡只有在存活的肾脏受者的血液培养中培养出弗朗西塞拉菌后,才怀疑存在兔热病器官捐赠者是一名来自美国西南部的中年男子,因急性戒酒综合征、肺炎和多器官衰竭住院治疗土拉伦斯菌亚种从供体存档的脾脏组织和两个肾受者的血液中培养出图拉仑病(clade A2)全基因组多位点序列分型表明分离菌株不易区分心脏移植受者的血液培养呈阴性,但在移植前曾因医疗器械感染接受过抗菌药物治疗在供体住所附近采集的2具lagomorph尸体经PCR检测,均为图拉仑丝虫亚种阳性图拉伦西斯病(2级)本研究记录了土拉菌在实体器官移植中的传播。