释 义 曲克芦丁
例 句 To establish a method for the determination of other hydroxyethylated rutin derivatives in troxerutin for injection by HPLC. 建立了高效液相色谱法测定注射用曲克芦丁中其他羟乙基芦丁衍生物的方法。
作者： Samir A. Salama
Gentamycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic that is widely employed for controlling Gram negative bacterial infections including that caused by the antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas species. The clinical use of gentamycin is substantially limited by its side effects particularly acute kidney injury (AKI). The aim of the current study was to investigate the protective effect of the plant flavonoid troxerutin (150 mg kg-1 day-1 for 15 days) against gentamycin-induced AKI using Wistar rats as an experimental mammalian model. The results of the present work revealed that troxerutin significantly improved renal function as demonstrated by the increase in the glomerular filtration rate and the decrease in the levels of urinary albumin, urinary albumin to creatinine ratio, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (p < 0.001). In addition, troxerutin significantly attenuated gentamycin-induced renal tissue injury as indicated by the decreased protein expression of the renal tubular injury marker KIM-1, the attenuation of the renal histopathological changes, and the modulation of the oxidative stress markers as reflected by the decrease in the levels of lipid and protein oxidative modifications and the increase in the levels of reduced glutathione and total antioxidant capacity (p < 0.001).