释 义 n.大动脉炎(Takayasu)人名；(日)高安 (姓)
例 句 In Taiwan, reports on the diagnosis of Takayasu arteritis based on MR imaging and MR angiography are rare.但在台湾，使用核磁共振影像及核磁共振血管摄影来诊断高安氏动脉炎的例子不多见。
释 义 n. [内科] 动脉炎
例 句 Headaches in people over 50 can be due to temporal arteritis.年过五旬的人若患上头痛，便可能是由颞动脉炎所致。
作者： Seyahi E
期刊：Curr Opin Rheumatol
Takayasu arteritis may not be rare disease as recent evidence shows that the disease can be seen in all ethnicities around the world with increasing prevalence rates. The clinical phenotype seems to be affected by ethnicity and gender. The patient should be meticulously evaluated before the pregnancy decision as there is high complication risk for both maternal and fetal health. IBDs frequently coexist with Takayasu arteritis and studies show that the two diseases may have common genetic etiology. Noninvasive tools such as computerized tomography or MR angiography replaced conventional angiography. FDG-PET/CT is now frequently used to assess vascular inflammation. A residual FDG uptake despite clinical remission can be still observed during the follow-up. Recently CEUS of carotid arteries was reported to be useful as a noninvasive method in detecting active vascular inflammation. Biological agents such as anti-TNF agents, tocilizumab, and rituximab could be used effectively in refractory cases. The restenosis or occlusion risks seem to be still high with vascular interventions.The mortality seems to be decreasing in recent years.