vitamin 英 /ˈvɪtəmɪn/ 美 /ˈvaɪtəmɪn/
释义 n. [生化] 维生素；[生化] 维他命
例句 As with any vitamin or supplement, please consult your doctor before taking. 正如任何一种维生素或补品，服用前请咨询你的医生。
sepsis 英 /ˈsepsɪs/ 美 /ˈsepsɪs/
释义 n. 败血症，[医] 脓毒病；腐败作用
例句 S. aureus can cause a range of illnesses from minor skin infections to life-threatening diseases, such as pneumonia, endocarditis and sepsis.金黄色葡萄球菌能引起从轻微皮肤感染到危及生命的一系列疾病，如肺炎、心内膜炎和败血症。
作者： Marik PE
Ascorbic acid, also known as vitamin C, has played a unique role in the history of medicine. Scurvy is an ancient disease, being one of the most dreaded and devastating plagues of history. The earliest written reference to a condition that is recognizable as scurvy is in the Ebers papyrus, a record of Egyptian medical lore written in 1500 BC. Clinical reports dating back to Hippocrates have provided a comprehensive picture of the disease . The Renaissance witnessed several epidemics of scurvy among sea voyagers. Sir James Lind, a Scottish Naval surgeon is credited with correct identification of the protective and therapeutic properties of citrus fruits, specifically oranges and lemons. In 1647 he conducted a randomized controlled study (the first in the history of medicine) in 12 scorbutic sailors divided into six groups of two individuals. Each group were treated with a different remedy. In his published treatise, Lind concluded that citrus fruits were the most effective treatment for scurvy . Over 30 000 cases of scurvy were reported in the American Civil War and it took the U.S Army until 1895 to adopt antiscorbutic measures.