genital 英 [ˈdʒenɪtl] 美 [ˈdʒenɪtl]
释 义 adj. 生殖的;生殖器的 n. 生殖器;外阴部 复数：genitals
例 句 Keep the genital area clean. 保持外生殖器清洁。
tuberculosis 英 [tjuːˌbɜːkjuˈləʊsɪs] 美 [tuːˌbɜːrkjəˈloʊsɪs]
释 义 n. 结核病 派生词：adj. tubercular
例 句 One night he was called to see a woman with tuberculosis. 一天夜里，有人打来电话，请他去给一位患肺结核的妇女看病。
作者： P.R. Jirge
Tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium TB (M TB), is a major health issue of global importance. Six countries including India and China account for 60% of global TB burden and the incidence of TB is increasing even in low burden countries. Genital TB(GTB) is a common form of extrapulmonary TB secondary to haematogenous spread of the bacteria and is an important cause of infertility in women. The Fallopian tubes are the most commonly affected site, followed by the endometrium and ovaries. Infertility may be the only symptom in majority of the women with latent GTB. GTB is paucibacillary in nature, with a low detection rate (7–19%) when the common diagnostic modalities of microbiological culture, histopathology and laparoscopy are used in infertile women with clinical suspicion. In addition, an important feature of latent TB is loss of culturability . Both factors may contribute to the reported discordance in the detection rate between bacteriological culture and DNA PCR.