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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > genital tuberculosis
genital tuberculosis

妇产

关键词妇产 疾病 盆腔炎性疾病

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

genital   英 [ˈdʒenɪtl]     美 [ˈdʒenɪtl]  

释    义   adj. 生殖的;生殖器的    n. 生殖器;外阴部    复数:genitals  

例    句   Keep the genital area clean. 保持外生殖器清洁。

 

tuberculosis  英 [tjuːˌbɜːkjuˈləʊsɪs] 美 [tuːˌbɜːrkjəˈloʊsɪs]   

释    义   n. 结核病    派生词:adj. tubercular  

例    句   One night he was called to see a woman with tuberculosis. 一天夜里,有人打来电话,请他去给一位患肺结核的妇女看病。

概述

女性生殖系统结核包括卵巢结核、输卵管结核、子宫内膜结核、宫颈结核、外阴和阴道结核、腹膜盆腔结核,常好发于 20~40 岁女性,其潜伏期可以长达数年,病程缓慢,常无症状,易被忽视,待被发现时其原发部位的病灶大多已经痊愈。 女性生殖系统结核的感染途径主要有两种:1)血行传播:为最常见的传播途径。输卵管的组织构造有利于结核杆菌的潜伏,故结核菌一般首先侵及输卵管,常双侧受累,然后依次播散至子宫内膜、卵巢、宫颈、阴道、外阴,并可累及腹膜。2)直接蔓延:腹腔内脏结核可直接蔓延到生殖器。输卵管结核常与腹膜

Latent genital tuberculosis adversely affects the ovarian reserve in infertile women.复制标题

潜在生殖器结核对不孕妇女的卵巢储备产生不利影响。

发表时间:2018-06-12

影响因子:5.5

作者: P.R. Jirge

期刊:Hum. Reprod

Tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium TB (M TB), is a major health issue of global importance. Six countries including India and China account for 60% of global TB burden and the incidence of TB is increasing even in low burden countries. Genital TB(GTB) is a common form of extrapulmonary TB secondary to haematogenous spread of the bacteria and is an important cause of infertility in women. The Fallopian tubes are the most commonly affected site, followed by the endometrium and ovaries. Infertility may be the only symptom in majority of the women with latent GTB. GTB is paucibacillary in nature, with a low detection rate (7–19%) when the common diagnostic modalities of microbiological culture, histopathology and laparoscopy are used in infertile women with clinical suspicion. In addition, an important feature of latent TB is loss of culturability . Both factors may contribute to the reported discordance in the detection rate between bacteriological culture and DNA PCR.

译文

结核病(tuberculosis,tb)是由结核分枝杆菌(mycobacterium tb,m-tb)引起的一种传染病,是一个全球性的重大健康问题。包括印度和中国在内的六个国家占全球结核病负担的60%,即使在低负担国家,结核病的发病率也在增加。生殖道结核(gtb)是一种常见的肺外结核,继发于细菌的血液传播,是妇女不孕的重要原因。输卵管是最常见的受累部位,其次是子宫内膜和卵巢。不孕症可能是大多数潜在gtb妇女的唯一症状。gtb本质上是贫杆菌性的,当临床怀疑不孕妇女使用微生物培养、组织病理学和腹腔镜等常用诊断方法时,其检出率较低(7-19%)。此外,潜在结核病的一个重要特征是可培养性的丧失。这两个因素都可能导致细菌培养和dna-pcr检测率的不一致。