摘要

The autoimmune diseases are more common in females. The sex hormones have an important role in this gender bias, mainly estrogen and prolactin (PRL) which modulate the immune response. PRL is secreted from the pituitary gland and other organs and cells mainly the lymphocytes. PRL has an immunostimulatory effect and promotes autoimmunity: PRL impairs the negative selection of autoreactive B lymphocytes occurring during B cell maturation into fully functional B cells. PRL has an anti-apoptotic effect, enhances proliferative response to antigens and mitogens and enhances the production of immunoglobulins and autoantibodies. Hyperprolactinemia (HPRL) is observed in multi-organ and organ specific autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Sjogren's syndrome (SS), Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and multiple sclerosis (MS). There is no consistent correlation between PRL levels and disease activity. Murine models and small studies in SLE patients suggest some role of dopamine agonists in the therapy of those diseases. The genetic factor may have a role in humans as in animal models. The PRL isoform has an important effect on the bioactivity on prolactin receptors (PRL-Rs).

译文

自身免疫性疾病在女性中更常见。性激素在这种性别偏见中起着重要作用,主要是调节免疫反应的雌激素和催乳素 (PRL)。PRL 是由垂体和其他器官和细胞分泌的,主要是淋巴细胞。PRL 具有免疫刺激作用并促进自身免疫: PRL 损害在 b细胞成熟过程中发生的自身反应性 B 淋巴细胞的阴性选择,使其成为功能齐全的 b细胞。PRL 具有抗凋亡作用,增强对抗原和有丝分裂原的增殖反应,并增强免疫球蛋白和自身抗体的产生。高催乳素血症 (HPRL) 在多器官和器官特异性自身免疫性疾病中观察到,如系统性红斑狼疮 (SLE) 、类风湿性关节炎 (RA) 、干燥综合征 (SS), 桥本甲状腺炎 (HT) 和多发性硬化症 (MS)。PRL 水平和疾病活动度之间没有一致的相关性。小鼠模型和对 SLE 患者的小型研究表明多巴胺激动剂在这些疾病的治疗中的一些作用。遗传因素可能在人类中起作用,就像在动物模型中一样。PRL 亚型对催乳素受体 (PRL-Rs) 的生物活性有重要影响。

hyperprolactinemia

妇产 生殖内分泌疾病 疾病
概述  :  

正常血清泌乳素(PRL)水平小于1.14nmol/L(或者小于等于30ng/mL),如果连续两次PRL含量高于正常值则诊断为高泌乳素血症。该疾病由多种原因引起、以血清泌乳素升高及其相关临床表现为主、下丘脑-垂体轴生殖内分泌紊乱综合征,是临床上常见、累及生殖以及内分泌和神经系统的一类疾患的统称。 病因及发病机制1)下丘脑疾病:颅咽管瘤、炎症等病变影响催乳素抑制因子的分泌,导致催乳素升高。2)垂体疾病:是引起高催乳素血症最常见的原因,以垂体催乳素瘤最常见。1/3以上患者为垂体微腺瘤(直

hyperprolactinemia  

释    义   高催乳素血症;高泌乳激素血症;高泌乳素血症;催乳素过高血症

例    句   Hyperprolactinemia is mainly related with dysfunctional liver, spleen and kidney. 高泌乳素血症的发生主要与肝、脾、肾三脏功能失调有关。

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