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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > bacterial vaginosis
bacterial vaginosis

妇产

关键词妇产 疾病 妇科阴道炎

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

bacterial  英 [bæk'tɪərɪəl]  美 [bæk'tɪrɪəl]

       adj. [微] 细菌的

       What are the symptoms of bacterial meningitis? 细菌性脑膜炎的症状是什么?

 

vaginosis  英 [vædʒɪ'nəʊsɪs]  美 [vædʒɪ'noʊsɪs]

       [医]阴道病

       Objective:To observe the role of lactobacillus in the prevention of recurrence of bacterial vaginosis. 目的:观察乳杆菌在预防细菌性阴道病复发中的作用。

概述

细菌性阴道病多发生于性活跃的女性,可能与过频的性交有关。它的症状特点为阴道异常分泌物明显增多,呈稀薄均质状或稀糊状,为灰白色、灰黄色或乳黄色,带有特殊的鱼腥臭味。由于碱性前列腺液可造成胺类释放,故表现为性交时或性交后臭味加重。月经期阴道pH值升高,故经期时或经期后臭味也可加重。患者外阴有不适感,包括不同程度的外阴瘙痒,一般无明显时间性,但在休息状态及心情紧张状态下痒感更加明显,也可有不同程度的灼热感。有的患者会出现性交痛。极少数患者出现下腹疼痛、性交困难及排尿异常感。阴道黏膜上皮在发病时无明

Bacterial Vaginosis and Desquamative Inflammatory Vaginitis.复制标题

细菌性阴道病和脱屑性炎性阴道炎。

发表时间:2019-03-14

影响因子:70.7

作者: Jorma Paavonen

期刊:N. Engl. J. Med.

There is evidence that pathological vaginal discharges can also be associated with the presence of lactobacillus species.Thus, it would be relevant to mention vaginitis associated with lactobacillus overgrowth, known as cytolytic vaginosis. The prevalence of this syndrome has increased, and it is frequently misdiagnosed; it also requires treatments and clinical approaches that differ from those applied to other types of bacterial vaginosis.We have provided criteria that may be considered in the diagnosis of cytolytic vaginosis, as compared with the criteria for the diagnosis of the usual bacterial vaginosis.This lactobacillus overgrowth is therefore also called cytolytic vaginosis. Lactobacilli convert glucose to lactic acid, which translates into a low vaginal pH. Sometimes cytolytic vaginosis may cause pruritus, external dysuria, and increased vaginal discharge. These symptoms are similar to vulvovaginal candidiasis, with no response to antimycotic therapy.

译文

有证据表明,病理性阴道分泌物也可能与乳酸菌的存在有关,因此,提到与乳酸菌过度生长有关的阴道炎,即细胞溶解性阴道病是有意义的。这种综合征的患病率增加,而且经常被误诊;它还需要不同于其他类型细菌性阴道病的治疗和临床方法。我们提供了在诊断细胞溶解性阴道病时可以考虑的标准,与通常的细菌性阴道病的诊断标准相比,这种乳酸菌过度生长也因此被称为溶细胞性阴道病。乳酸杆菌将葡萄糖转化为乳酸,乳酸转化为阴道低ph值。有时溶细胞性阴道病可引起瘙痒、外部排尿困难和阴道分泌物增多。这些症状与外阴阴道念珠菌病相似,抗真菌治疗无效。