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placental abruption

妇产

关键词妇产 疾病 胎儿附属物异常

词汇介绍

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解析

placental[plə'sɛntl]

       adj. 胎盘的;胎座的  n. 有胎盘哺乳动物

同根词   词根: placenta

n.placenta [] 胎盘;[] 胎座

       Objective: To study the relation between placental mature grading and fetal pulmonary maturity to improve the level monitoring fetus. 目的:探讨胎盘成熟度分级与胎肺成熟度之间的联系,以提高对胎儿的监测水平。

 

abruption [ə'brʌpʃ(ə)n]  [ə'brʌpʃən]

       n. 分离;中断

       Objective:To investigate the etiology, early diagnosis and treatment of placental abruption . 目的:探讨胎盘早剥的病因、早期诊断及处理方法。

概述

 胎盘早剥是指在妊娠 20 周后或分娩期,正常位置的胎盘在胎儿娩出前,部分或全部从子宫壁剥离。主要病理改变是底蜕膜出血并形成血肿,使胎盘从附着处分离,内出血急剧增多,可发生子宫胎盘卒中,严重者还可发生弥散性血管内凝血(DIC)等一系列病理改变,危及母儿生命。 分类方法 胎盘早剥目前有两种常用的分类方法。 (1)根据底蜕膜出血并形成血肿的主要病理改变将胎盘早剥分为 3 种类型:①显性剥离:底蜕膜出血,量少时无明显临床表现,血肿增大可出现阴道流血。②隐性剥

Cardiovascular Disease-Related Morbidity and Mortality in Women With a History of Pregnancy Complications.复制标题

有妊娠并发症史的妇女的心血管疾病相关发病率和死亡率。

发表时间:2019-02-19

影响因子:23.1

作者: Sonia M. Grandi

期刊:Circulation

pregnancy complications such as hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), gestational diabetes mellitus, and preterm birth occur in 1% to 20% of pregnancies and are associated with maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.Evidence suggests that women with ≥1 pregnancy complication and/or multiple pregnancies affected by certain pregnancy complications have a substantially higher risk of experiencing maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.Studies have consistently shown that women with a history of preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus, and preterm birth are at an increased risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with women with no history of these pregnancy complications. Although the absolute risk of CVD in early postpartum women is low, previous studies have shown that the increased risk of CVD after pregnancy complications may persist long-term.

译文

妊娠期高血压疾病(HDP),妊娠期糖尿病和早产等妊娠并发症发生在1%至20%的妊娠期,并与孕产妇和胎儿的发病率和死亡率有关。证据表明,妊娠并发症≥1的女性和/或 受某些妊娠并发症影响的多胎妊娠患孕产妇和胎儿的发病率和死亡率的风险要高得多。研究表明,有先兆子痫,妊娠期高血压,妊娠期糖尿病和早产史的女性患病风险增加。 随后的心血管疾病(CVD)与没有这些妊娠并发症史的女性相比。 虽然产后早期女性心血管疾病的绝对风险很低,但之前的研究表明,妊娠并发症后心血管疾病的风险增加可能会持续很长时间。