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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > gestational hypertension
gestational hypertension

妇产

关键词妇产 疾病 妊娠疾病

词汇介绍

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解析

gestational    [dʒe'steiʃənəl]

释    义   adj. 妊娠期的;受孕的

同根词   gestate

n. gestation 酝酿;怀孕;妊娠期  vi. gestate 孕育,创案  vt. gestate 使怀孕

例    句   Also, do not eat sweet may control gestational diabetes, but not 100%.

还有,不吃甜的可能控制妊娠糖尿病,但不是100%。

 

hypertension    英 [haɪpə'tenʃ(ə)n] 美 [haɪpɚ'tɛnʃən]

释    义   n. 高血压;过度紧张

同根词   hyperpnea

adj. hypertensive 高血压的 hypertrophied 过度增大的 

n. hypertrophy [病理] 肥大;过度增大 hypertensive 高血压患者

例    句   Yes, doctor diagnosed it as hypertension.

看过,医生诊断我是高血压。

概述

 妊娠期高血压是指妊娠20周后出现收缩压≥ 140 mmHg和或舒张压≥90 mmHg,于产后12周内恢复正常;尿蛋白(-);产后方可确诊。测量血压前被测者至少安静休息5 min。测量取坐位或卧位。注意肢体放松,袖带大小合适。通常测量右上肢血压,袖带应与心脏处于同一水平。若血压低于140/90 mmHg,但较基础血压升高30/15 mmHg 时,虽不作为诊断依据却需要密切随访。对首次发现血压升高者,应间隔4 h或以上复测血压,如2次测量均为收缩压≥140 mmHg和(或)舒张压≥9

Antidepressant use during pregnancy and the risk of developing gestational hypertension: a retrospective cohort study.复制标题

妊娠期使用抗抑郁药与发生妊娠期高血压的风险: 一项回顾性队列研究。

发表时间:2018-05-23

影响因子:2.4

作者: Zakiyah N

期刊:BMC Pregnancy Childbirth

During pregnancy, approximately 14 to 23% of pregnant women suffer from depressive symptoms. In the Netherlands, it was estimated that almost 2% of pregnant women are exposed to antidepressants. Next to potential benefits of avoiding risks of an untreated depression, the use of antidepressants during pregnancy is also potentially associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Current evidence suggests that antidepressants use during pregnancy may be associated with gestational hypertension and preeclampsia. These disorders are a major cause of morbidity and mortality for both the mother and the offspring worldwide, and imposes substantial burdens on the society, economy and health care system. Gestational hypertension and preeclampsia share similar symptom, clinically recognized as new-onset hypertension after twenty completed weeks of gestation, in women who used to be normotensive.

译文

在怀孕期间,大约14%至23%的孕妇患有抑郁症状。 在荷兰,据估计近2%的孕妇接触抗抑郁药。 除了避免未经治疗的抑郁风险的潜在益处之外,在怀孕期间使用抗抑郁药也可能与不良的孕产妇和新生儿结局相关。 目前的证据表明,怀孕期间使用的抗抑郁药可能与妊娠期高血压和先兆子痫有关。 这些疾病是全世界母亲和后代的发病率和死亡率的主要原因,并且给社会,经济和卫生保健系统带来了沉重的负担。 妊娠期高血压和先兆子痫具有相似的症状,临床上被认为是妊娠20周后的新发高血压,曾经是血压正常的女性。