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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Polyhydramnios
Polyhydramnios

妇产

关键词妇产 疾病 分娩异常

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

polyhydramnios    [pɔlihai'dræmniəs]

释    义   n. [妇产] 羊水过多

例    句   Conclusion:Placental chorioangioma can induce several complications such as premature labor, polyhydramnios and neonatal asphyxia.

结论:胎盘血管瘤可引起早产、羊水过多、新生儿窒息等并发症。

概述

羊水过多的发病可能与孕期和胎儿的病理生理改变有关,凡是能导致羊水产生、代谢障碍的孕妇、胎盘和胎儿的因素均可造成羊水过多,如妊娠合并糖尿病、母儿血型不合、胎儿泌尿系统畸形等等,约有2/3羊水过多为特发性,另外1/3与胎儿畸形、妊娠合并糖尿病、多胎妊娠等因素有关。其中胎儿畸形是引起羊水过多的主要因素,特别是先天性神经系统畸形和消化道异常。羊水过多越严重,围产儿死亡率越高,羊水过多者早产、脐带脱垂、胎盘早剥等并发症的发生率增加,影响围生儿的预后。对孕妇的影响主要是胎盘早剥、宫缩乏力、产后出血等。&

Transient Isolated Polyhydramnios and Perinatal Outcomes.复制标题

暂时性孤立性羊水过多与围产期结局。

发表时间:2018-09-18

影响因子:4.6

作者: Berezowsky A

期刊:Ultraschall Med

Isolated polyhydramnios is traditionally defined as polyhydramnios in the absence of congenital anomalies (especially of the central nervous, cardiac or gastrointestinal system), maternal diabetes, fetal infection, placental tumors, or multiple gestation,and accounts for 50-60 % of polyhydramnios cases. Up to one quarter of presumed isolated polyhydramnios cases are diagnosed with an abnormality in the postpartum period. Although considered isolated, idiopathic polyhydramnios was found to be associated with adverse outcomes such as increased risk for fetal macrosomia, caesarean delivery (CD), or assisted vaginal delivery (AVD) and an increased risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Transient isolated polyhydramnios (TIP) is defined as polyhydramnios diagnosed during gestation, which later resolves. The question remains as to whether transient isolated polyhydramnios has a clinical impact on pregnancy outcomes.

译文

在没有先天性异常(特别是中枢神经,心脏或胃肠系统),母体糖尿病,胎儿感染,胎盘肿瘤或多胎妊娠的情况下,分离的羊水过多被定义为羊水过多,并且占羊水过多病例的50-60%。 高达四分之一的假定孤立性羊水过多病例在产后期被诊断为异常。 虽然被认为是孤立的,但发现特发性羊水过多与不良后果相关,例如胎儿巨大儿,剖腹产(CD)或辅助阴道分娩(AVD)的风险增加以及围产期发病率和死亡率增加的风险。 瞬时分离的羊水过多(TIP)定义为妊娠期间诊断出的羊水过多,后来可以解决。 问题仍然是短暂的孤立性羊水过多是否对妊娠结局有临床影响。