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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer
In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer

妇产

关键词妇产 治疗技术 胚胎移植

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

in vitro    英 [in'vi:trəu, -'vi-]   

释    义         在体外;在试管内

例    句         Objective To reestablish cell polarity of hepatocytes cultured in vitro. 目的使培养肝细胞在体外重建细胞极性。

 

Fertilization   英 [fɜːtɪlaɪ'zeɪʃ(ə)n]  美 [fɝtlə'zeʃən]

释    义         n. [农] 施肥;[胚] 受精;肥沃

例    句         Embryoloy:The study of growth and development of the embryo and fetus from fertilization of the ovum until birth. 胚胎学:研究从卵子受精开始到胎儿出生这一时期胚胎及胎儿生长发育的科学。

 

embryo   英 ['embrɪəʊ]  美 ['ɛmbrɪo]

释    义          n. [胚] 胚胎;胚芽;初期  adj. 胚胎的;初期的

同根词          embryo

adj.embryonic [胚] 胚胎的;似胚胎的 embryonal 胚的;胚芽的

n. embryology [胚] 胚胎学

例    句        They do this so they can select the healthiest embryo for transplantation. 他们这样做是为了挑选最健康的胚胎用于移植。

 

transfer   英 [træns'fɜː]  美 [træns'fɝ]

释    义         v. 转让;转接;移交;转移(地方);(使)换乘;转存,转录;调动(工作);传染,传播;使(运动员)转队;把(钱)转到另一账户,机构上

n. (地点的)转移;(工作的)调动;已调动的人或东西;权力的移交;运动员转会;(公共汽车、飞机等的)转移;(财产的)转让;数据的拷贝;图画,图案;转车票。

同根词         transfer

adj.  transferable 可转让的;[数] 可转移的 transferrable 可转移的;可传递的;可转换的

n.  transference 转移;转让;调任 transferee 受让人;承让人;被调任者

transferability 可转移性;可转让性 transferor [专利] 转让人,让与人

transferrin [生化] 转铁蛋白;

例    句         If you transfer at any other time, you will not lose your rewards. 如果您在任何其他的时间转移角色,您将不会失去您的奖励。

概述

 体外受精-胚胎移植(in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer,IVF-ET)是从女性卵巢内取出卵子,在体外与精子发生受精并培养3-5日,再将发育到卵裂球期或囊胚期阶段的胚胎移植到宫腔内,使其着床发育成胎儿的全过程,俗称“试管婴儿”。 影响因素 卵子质量:女方年龄是影响卵子质量的重要因素,随着女性年龄的增长、卵巢功能会逐渐减退,卵子老化,妊娠率降低,同时流产率增高。因此,发现不孕应及时进行治疗,尤其对输卵管不通等因素导

Introduction: Uterus transplantation.复制标题

简介: 子宫移植。

发表时间:2019-07-11

影响因子:5.4

作者: Brännström M

期刊:Fertil. Steril

Uterus transplantation is the first available treatment for absolute uterine factor infertility. Live births have been reported after transplantation of uteri both from live and deceased donors. Although this novel infertility treatment is still at its experimental stage, with human attempts performed within clinical trials, there is a rapid development in the field. Up until June 2019 more than 60 human uterus transplantation attempts have been performed and the scientific data of the published cases will be reviewed in relation to surgery and outcome. The assisted reproductive technologies that are used before and after uterus transplantation have to be modified for this patient group. The special demands for in vitro fertilization in a patient with no uterus and with embryo transfer in a transplanted uterus will be discussed. Traditionally, uterus transplantation has been performed through laparotomy in both the donor and the recipient. There is now a move to introduce minimally invasive surgery in live donor surgery transplantation, and in the future this may also be applied to recipient surgery. There is a continuous debate whether live donor or deceased donor uterus is the organ source for optimal outcome. Ongoing studies and the general development of the uterus transplantation field will shed light on the pros and cons of each donor source.

译文

子宫移植是治疗绝对性子宫因素不孕的首选方法。据报道,活体和已故捐献者移植子宫后都有活产。尽管这种新的不孕治疗仍处于试验阶段,随着人类在临床试验中的尝试,这一领域有了迅速的发展。截至2019年6月,已进行了60多次人类子宫移植尝试,并将对公布病例的科学数据进行手术和结果方面的审查。在子宫移植前后使用的辅助生殖技术必须针对这一患者群体进行修改。本文将讨论无子宫和移植子宫胚胎移植患者体外受精的特殊要求。传统上,子宫移植是通过剖腹手术在供体和受体中进行的。目前有一项举措是在活体供者手术移植中引入微创手术,而且在未来这也可能应用于受者手术。活体供者或死体供者子宫是否是获得最佳结果的器官来源一直存在争议。正在进行的研究和子宫移植领域的全面发展将揭示每个供体来源的利弊。