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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > hermaphroditism
hermaphroditism

妇产

关键词妇产 疾病 生殖器官发育异常

词汇介绍

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解析

hermaphroditism    [hɝ'mæfrədaɪ,tɪzm] 

释    义    n. [动] 雌雄同体性  [遗] 两性畸形

同根词    hermaphrodite 

adj. hermaphrodite [动] 雌雄同体的 hermaphroditic 两性的;雌雄同体的 

n. hermaphrodite [动] 雌雄同体;两性体;[植] 雌雄同株

例    句    About 2% of the same year self-crossing crucian carp are hermaphroditism. 同一年自交繁殖的鱼群中发现约有2%的雌雄同体。

概述

两性畸形为胚胎和胎儿暴露于过高或不足雄激素刺激所致。男女生物学性别可根据性染色体、生殖腺结构、外生殖器形态以及第二性征加以区分。但有些患者生殖器官同时具有某些男女两性特征,称为两性畸形(hermaphroditism)。其为先天性生殖器发育畸形的一种特殊类型,可能对患儿的抚育、心理及未来的生活、工作和婚姻等带来诸多困扰,必须及早诊断和处理。矫正治疗方案取决于社会性别、本人性别自认和畸形程度。对于未分化或异常嵌合的生殖腺应尽早切除,以防癌变。   分

Surgery of Anomalies of Gonadal and Genital Development in the “Post -Truth Era”复制标题

“后真相时代” 性腺和生殖器发育异常的手术

发表时间:2018-11-01

影响因子:2.2

作者: Daniela B. Gorduza

期刊:Urol Clin North Am

We are talking about individuals with  atypical  gonadal or genital development identified either before birth, when the ultrasound scan of the genital area does not match the  karyotype ; or more frequently at birth or in the  perinatal  period, when the external genital appearance is unexpected, with atypical features affecting the genital tubercle, the genital folds, the urethral meatus, or the vaginal opening.   Presentation during childhood may occur when a young girl undergoes surgery for what appears to be a simple inguinal hernia and  testicles  are found (complete  androgen  insensitivity syndrome [CAIS]) or a boy is found to have Mullerian structures during an unrelated surgical procedure; or at adolescence when an individual living as female shows unexpected signs of virilization (eg, clitoral enlargement, deepening of the voice, unusual body hair growth) or when an individual living as male shows signs of feminization (eg, breast development, female body habitus).

译文

我们谈论的是在出生前,当生殖器区域的超声波扫描与核型不匹配时,或在出生时或在围产期,当外部生殖器外观出乎意料时,发现有非典型性腺或生殖器发育的个体,具有影响生殖器结节、生殖器皱褶、尿道口或阴道口的非典型特征。 当一个年轻女孩因腹股沟疝而接受手术,并且发现睾丸(完全雄激素不敏感综合征),或者一个男孩在不相关的手术过程中发现有苗勒管结构,或者当一个以女性身份生活的个体显示男性化的意外迹象(如阴蒂增大、声音加深、体毛异常生长)或作为男性生活的个体出现女性化迹象(如乳房发育、女性身体习惯)。