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Radiographic chest contour and pulmonary air leaks in oligohydramnios-related pulmonary hypoplasia (Potter's syndrome).
羊水过少相关的肺发育不全 (Potter's 综合征) 的影像学胸部轮廓和肺漏气。

摘要

Review of the clinical records, chest roentgenograms, and autopsy material of 17 infants dying from oligohydramnios related pulmonary hypoplasia confirmed that two roentgen signs appeared with high frequency. These were pneumomediastinum/pneumothorax (82%) and a bell-shaped chest contour (59%). The bell-shaped chest is valuable in predicting the most severe degrees of lung growth impairment in these infants, and was present in all cases in which oligohydramnios was caused by bilateral renal agenesis. Either pneumomediastinum/pneumothorax or the bell-shaped chest configuration, when present alone, are of low diagnostic value as they are relatively nonspecific signs; their combination, however, has predictive value for Potter's syndrome and may be important in evaluation infants with less typical clinical manifestations of Potter's syndrome.

译文

回顾 17 例死于羊水过少相关肺发育不全的婴儿的临床记录、胸部 x线片和尸检资料,证实两种 x线征出现频率较高。这些是纵隔气肿/气胸 (82%) 和钟形胸部轮廓 (59%)。钟形胸部在预测这些婴儿肺部生长受损的最严重程度方面很有价值,并且存在于所有由双侧肾缺如引起羊水过少的病例中。纵隔气肿/气胸或钟形胸部结构,单独存在时,诊断价值较低,因为它们是相对非特异性的迹象; 然而,它们的组合, 对波特综合征具有预测价值,并可能对评估波特综合征临床表现不典型的婴儿很重要。

oligohydramnios

妇产 胎儿附属物异常 疾病
概述  :  

羊水对孕妇及胎儿都有很重要的意义,它不仅有助于维持着胎儿的生命,还能缓解外界对腹部造成的压力与冲击,降低因为胎儿在子宫内活动时给孕妇造成的不适感。医护人员也能够通过羊水来了解胎儿的性别甚至有无遗传疾病。子宫内的液体之所以被称为羊水,主要是因为受精卵在子宫内膜着床之后形成胚胎,随着胚胎的生长四周也会形成羊膜腔,羊膜腔内的液体自然而然地也被称为羊水,胎儿处在这个中间,就像是处在一个装满水的透明气球当中。通常我们将妊娠晚期羊水量少于300ml者,称为羊水过少(oligohydramnios)。羊水

oligohydramnios  英 [ɒlɪɡəʊhaɪd'ræmni:əʊz]  美 [ɒlɪɡoʊhaɪd'ræmnioʊz]

释    义   [妇产] 羊水过少

例    句   Objective: To investigate the diagnose and management of oligohydramnios. 目的:探讨羊水过少的诊断和处理。

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