Turner 英 /'tɜːnə/ 美 /'tɝnɚ/
释 义 n. 特纳（姓氏）
例 句 Turner inherited the right to fish at this spot from his father. 特纳从父亲那里继承了在这个地点捕鱼的权利。
Syndrome 英 /ˈsɪndrəʊm/ 美 /ˈsɪndroʊm/
释 义 n. [临床] 综合症状；并发症状；校验子；并发位
例 句 Women complain about premenstrual syndrome, but I think of it as the only time of the month that I can be myself. 女人会抱怨经前期综合症，但是我认为这是一个月中我唯一可以做回我自己的日子。
作者： Julia Vergier
Turner syndrome (TS) is the most common female sex chromosome abnormality which affects 1/2500 newborn girls. Integrity of the X chromosome long arm is essential for fertility. Natural history of TS is oogenesis abnormalities and accelerated fetal germ cells apoptosis. There is a wide spectrum of phenotypes depending on the primordial follicles pool left: about 30% of TS girls have some pubertal development, 10% -20% undergo menarche, and 2 -8% go through spontaneous pregnancy. Although genotype - phenotype correlation is not completely understood, mosaic TS women seem to have a milder phenotype with less impaired reproductive function compared to those with 45, X monosomy: they are more likely to have spontaneous puberty, normal levels of gonadotropins or sex steroids, and follicles in ovarian biopsies. Follicle density has also been negatively correlated with girl age and serum levels of FSH. Recent improvements in reproductive medicine offer the opportunity of fertility preservation (FP) to women with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) before premature ovarian failure (POF). Different techniques have been suggested over the past decades, such as ovarian cortex cryopreservation and oocyte cryopreservation after vitrification for post - pubertal girls. FP for TS women has become a contested matter with pros and cons supported by different teams. There are currently no adopted recommendations, and these reproductive technologies raise new dilemmas and ethical concerns for physicians. Some previous works report controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for TS women. The objective of our study was to report our experience.