hemoglobin 英/,hiːməʊ'ɡləʊbɪn/ 美/,hɛmo'ɡlobɪn/
释 义 n. [生化] 血红蛋白（等于haemoglobin）；血红素
同根词 hemoglobinopathy n. [内科] 血红蛋白病（等于haemoglobinopathy）
例 句 Some, like hemoglobin, deliver oxygen from the lungs to the far reaches of the body. 有些蛋白质像血红蛋白一样，可以把氧从肺部输送到身体各处。
作者： Jaime M Moore
Most children and adolescents with T1D in the United States (US) do not meet the recommended HbA1c target of <7.5% (58mmol/mol), which increases their risk of developing diabetes-related complications. Recent studies have reported that girls with T1D have worse metabolic control and complications than boys with T1D, and higher BMI z-scores than boys with T1D and girls without T1D. Women with T1D have a significantly higher relative risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to men with T1D, when each are compared to their non-diabetic counterparts. What remains poorly understood is when this divergence in risk by sex begins and what is driving it.But data suggest that adolescence may be a critical time period during which sex differences in CVD risk factors emerge, particularly glycemic control and obesity. Deterioration of glycemic control for youth with T1D during adolescence has been frequently reported, and potential contributors to poor glucose control during puberty include a physiologic decrease in insulin sensitivity, increased autonomy in diabetes management, and psychosocial changes. However, the premise that all adolescents will experience worsened glycemic control is an imprecise over generalization, and may contribute to missed opportunities to identify and treat the highest-risk youth. Several studies have used longitudinal group-based modeling to identify subgroups of children with T1D that follow distinct trajectories of glycemic control during adolescence, and all have, surprisingly, reported that only the minority of young people with T1D experience deteriorating glycemic control during adolescence.