cholera 英 [ˈkɒlərə] 美 [ˈkɑːlərə]
释义 n. [内科] 霍乱
例句 Cholera as well as viruses like those that cause influenza and AIDS infect these areas. 霍乱就像那些导致流感和艾滋病的病毒一样会感染这些区域。
作者： Joshua M. Royal
期刊：The FASEB Journal
Cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) exhibits broad-spectrum biologic activity upon mucosal administration. Here, we found that a recombinant CTB containing an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention motif (CTB-KDEL) induces colon epithelial wound healing in colitis via the activation of an unfolded protein response (UPR) in colon epithelial cells. In a Caco2 cell wound healing model, CTB-KDEL, but not CTB or CTB-KDE, facilitated cell migration via interaction with the KDEL receptor, localization in the ER, UPR activation, and subsequent TGF-β signaling. Inhibition of the inositol-requiring enzyme 1/X-box binding protein 1 arm of UPR abolished the cell migration effect of CTB-KDEL, indicating that the pathway is indispensable for the activity. CTB-KDEL's capacity to induce UPR and epithelial restitution or wound healing was corroborated in a dextran sodium sulfate-induced acute colitis mouse model. Furthermore, CTB-KDEL induced a UPR, up-regulated wound healing pathways, and maintained viable crypts in colon explants from patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In summary, CTB-KDEL exhibits unique wound healing effects in the colon that are mediated by its localization to the ER and subsequent activation of UPR in epithelial cells. The results provide implications for a novel therapeutic approach for mucosal healing, a significant unmet need in IBD treatment.-Royal, J. M., Oh, Y. J., Grey, M. J., Lencer, W. I., Ronquillo, N., Galandiuk, S., Matoba, N. A modified cholera toxin B subunit containing an ER retention motif enhances colon epithelial repair via an unfolded protein response.