transjugular 英 [trænz'kæθetər] 美 [trænz'kæθetər]
释 义 adj. 经颈静脉的
例 句 A traditional method for internal jugular vein catheterization has been through the transjugular approach.
intrahepatic 英 [ɪntrəhɪ'pætɪk] 美 [ɪntrəhɪ'pætɪk]
释 义 adj. [解剖] 肝内的
例 句 Comparison of intrahepatic and subcutaneous suicide cell based vaccinations.
portosystemic 英 [pɔ:təʊsɪs'temɪk] 美 [pɔ:toʊsɪs'temɪk]
释 义 adj. 门体静脉的
例 句 Cannabinoid receptor 2 agonist ameliorates mesenteric angiogenesis and portosystemic collaterals in cirrhotic rats.
Shunt 英 [ʃʌt] 美 [ʃʌt]
释 义 vt. 关闭；停业；幽禁；vi. 关上；停止营业；n. 关闭；adj. 关闭的；围绕的
同根词 n. shutter 快门；百叶窗；关闭物；遮板
n. shutting 闭锁
v. shutting 关闭（shut的ing形式）
vt. shutter 为…装百叶窗；以百叶窗遮闭
例 句 The atrioventricular valves are flap valves that are forced shut during contraction of the ventricles.
作者： Kraglund F
期刊：Scand. J. Gastroenterol
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure is a standard treatment for portal hypertension . Though the treatment has been used since 1988 , we need more accurate data on its clinical effectiveness and side effects. Most patients with a TIPS have liver cirrhosis, and the commonest indications are variceal bleeding and refractory ascites. Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and stent dysfunctions are the most feared long-term complications of the procedure. Since both the indications for and the complications of TIPS are debilitating conditions, accurate estimates of the chances of successful treatment and the risks of adverse outcomes are valuable to both patient and clinician. While other TIPS centres have studied the effects of TIPS treatment extensively [5–16], the studies all use Kaplan–Meier estimation of times to adverse outcomes, but the Kaplan–Meier estimator is only appropriate when there are no outcomes competing with the outcomes of interest, and as a result previous studies have overestimated the true risk . Furthermore, some nuances are missing from previous studies. First, none of them has considered the incidence of minimal HE, which is a precursor of overt HE. Minimal HE can be diagnosed by an abnormal measurement of the continuous reaction times (CRT) index.