摘要

Pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) are important incidental findings in a diverse range of disease entities of both indolent and malignant evolution, depending on their subtypes. PCLs are detected in 1.9%-2.1% of the patients on computed tomography (CT) and in 13.5% 49.1% of the patients on magnetic resonance imaging, with the incidence increasing with age. 


	 


	Although various investigations into the progression rate and malignancy risk of PCLs have been previously reported, most studies only focused on definite or presumed branch duct intrapapillary mucinous neoplasms (BD-IPMNs). In clinical practice, the lesions we encounter are generally asymptomatic small PCLs, as opposed to definite neoplastic cystic lesions, such as IPMNs or mucinous cystic neoplasms(MCNs).

译文

胰腺囊性病变(PCL)是重要的偶然发现,取决于疾病的亚型,无论是缓慢的还是恶性的,都在多种疾病实体中发生。 在计算机断层扫描(CT)中,1.9%-2.1%的患者和磁共振成像中13.5%的49.1%的患者检测到PCL,并且其发病率随年龄的增长而增加。

尽管先前已报道了有关PCL发生率和恶性风险的各种研究,但大多数研究仅集中于确定的或推测的分支导管内乳头状黏液性肿瘤(BD-IPMN)。 在临床实践中,我们遇到的病变通常是无症状的小PCL,而不是像IPMN或粘液性囊性肿瘤(MCN)这样的明确的肿瘤性囊性病变。

pancreatic cystic lesions

消化 胰腺疾病 疾病
概述  :  

胰腺囊性疾病( pancreatic cystic lesions,PCLs)是指由胰腺上皮和(或)间质组织形成的肿瘤或非肿瘤性(单发或多发的肿瘤样)含囊腔的病变,主要包括胰腺假性囊肿( pancreatic pseudocysts,PPs)和胰腺囊性肿瘤(pancreatic cystic neoplasms,PCNs)   分类 PCLS一般分为非肿瘤性和肿瘤性两类。非肿瘤性主要为PPs,而肿瘤性为PCNs,以胰管或腺泡上皮细胞

pancreatic 英 /ˌpæŋkriˈætɪk/  美 /ˌpæŋkriˈætɪk/

释义   adj. 胰的;胰腺的

例句   In the second half of the study, Dr Nelson examined the pancreatic tissue of four dead boys, one of whom had been diabetic. 这项研究的第二部分是:纳尔逊检查了四名死亡男孩的胰腺组织,其中一名患有糖尿病。

 

cystic 英 /'sɪstɪk/  美 /'sɪstɪk/

释义   adj. 囊的;膀胱的,[解剖] 胆囊的

例句   A few diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia, are caused by a single SNP. 一些疾病,比如囊肿性纤维化和镰状细胞性贫血是由一种SNP引起的。

 

lesion 英 /ˈliːʒn/  美 /ˈliːʒn/

释义   n. 损害;身体上的伤害;机能障碍

例句   The histopathological lesion is localized at these sites.  组织病理学损伤局限于这些部位。

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