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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > transient elastography
transient elastography

消化

关键词消化 诊断方式 肝脏硬度值测量

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

transient 英 /ˈtrænziənt/  美 /ˈtrænʃnt/

释义   adj. 短暂的;路过的n. 瞬变现象

例句   Consumer pleasures are transient. They engulf us for a short period and then they fade, like a drug. 消费快乐是短暂的,像毒品一样,短时间内会吞没了我们,然后就很快消失了。


elastography 

释义   n.弹性成像

例句   In a small study of 80 women, the technique - called "elastography" - distinguished harmless lumps from malignant ones with nearly 100 percent accuracy. 在一项对80名妇女的小型研究中,这项技术——称为“弹性成像”——以接近100%的准确率将无害肿块与恶性肿块区分开来。


概述

瞬时弹性成像技术( transient elastography,TE)是通过超声波测量剪切波在肝组织中的传播速度,来测量肝脏硬度值(liver stiffness measurement,LSM),从而反映肝纤维化程度的一项技术。目前常用的TE技术包括 FibroTouch和 FibroScan 两种。在美国, FibroScan公司的振动控制瞬时弹性成像技术(vibration controlled transient elastography,VCTE)

Vibration-Controlled Transient Elastography for the Detection of Cirrhosis in Chronic Hepatitis D Infection.复制标题

振动控制瞬时弹性成像检测慢性丁型肝炎感染肝硬化。

发表时间:2019-11-19

影响因子:4.0

作者: Christopher Koh

期刊:J. Viral Hepat. 

The Hepatitis D virus (HDV) is a defective RNA virus that requires the presence an established Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection to be pathogenic in humans. HDV infection has recently been estimated to carry global disease burden of 62-72 million and results in the most aggressive form of chronic viral hepatitis with progression to cirrhosis in 70-80% of patients within 5 to 10 years. In addition, HDV has also been associated with an increased risk of hepatic decompensation, hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC), liver transplantation, and mortality compared to HBV mono-infection. Due to the seriousness of HDV-related liver disease, accurate assessment of disease stage (fibrosis)is critical because of prognostic implications related to progressive liver disease leading to cirrhosis, portal hypertensive sequelae, mortality, and HCC.

译文

丁型肝炎病毒(HDV)是一种有缺陷的RNA病毒,需要存在已建立的乙型肝炎病毒(HBV)感染才能在人类中致病。 最近估计,HDV感染携带了62-72百万的全球疾病负担,并导致最激进的慢性病毒性肝炎,在5至10年内有70-80%的患者发展为肝硬化。 此外,与HBV单一感染相比,HDV还与肝代偿失调,肝细胞癌(HCC),肝移植和死亡率增加有关。 由于与HDV相关的肝病的严重性,对疾病分期(纤维化)的准确评估至关重要,因为与进行性肝病会导致肝硬化,门脉高压后遗症,死亡率和HCC的预后有关。