hyponatremia 英 /,haipəunə'tri:miə/ 美 /,haɪponə'trimiə/
释义 n. 低钠血症
例句 Drinking only water while you take part in high-energy athletic events can lead to acute hyponatremia. 当你参加高能耗体育活动时，只喝水的话会导致急性的低钠血症。
作者： Giovanni Fucà
Hyponatremia, as defined by a serum sodium concentration lower than 135 mEg/L, is the electrolyte alteration most frequently found in hospitalized patients and a common finding at admission in Oncology Units2.In cancer patients, many overlapping factors can contribute to the onset of hyponatremia, including paraneoplastic syndromes(both cerebral salt wasting and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, SIADH), clinical events (e.g. vomiting, diarrhea or bleeding) or syndromes (e., cachexia), anticancer treatments(cytotoxic agents, targeted therapies or immune checkpoint inhibitors) and general medications (e.g. opioids, diuretics and antidepressants). Albeit underdiagnos, SIADH is one of the most common causes of euvolemic hyponatremia, especially in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC),breast cancer(BC), head and neck cancer(HNC), and colorectal cancer(CRC)are the non-hematologic malignancies most frequently associated with hyponatremia.