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treatment of hypertension

心血管

关键词心血管 治疗方法 高血压

词汇介绍

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解析

treatment 英 ['triːtm(ə)nt] 美 ['tritmənt]

释义   n. 治疗,疗法;处理;对待

例句   You should consult your psychologist if you have questions about treatment.

如果您对治疗有疑问,应该咨询您的心理医生。

 

Hypertension 英 [haɪpə'tenʃ(ə)n] 美 [,haɪpɚ'tɛnʃən]

释义   n. 高血压;过度紧张

例句   What is goal blood pressure in treatment of hypertension?

高血压治疗中的血压目标是什么?


概述

近日发布的《高血压基层诊疗指南》对高血压的定义与分类、诊断、危险分层与转诊、治疗、高血压急症和亚急症的急诊处置、疾病管理等内容进行了阐述。下文将对高血压治疗方面做进行进一步概述。药物治疗1、治疗原则:应根据血压水平和心血管风险选择初始单药或联合治疗。(1)起始剂量:一般患者采用常规剂量;老年人特别是高龄老年人从安全考虑,初始治疗可先采用小剂量,能耐受增加至常规剂量及足剂量。(2)长效降压药物:优先推荐可以维持24 h的长效降压药物。如使用中、短效制剂,则需每天2~3次给药,以达到平稳控制血压。(

Treatment of Hypertension in Patients with Asthma复制标题

哮喘患者的高血压治疗

发表时间:2019-09-12

影响因子:70.7

作者: Sandra C. Christiansen

期刊:N. Engl. J. Med.

Systemic inflammation serves as an underpinning for the burden of disease that accrues from hypertension and asthma.Inflammation is widely accepted as being both fundamental to the pathogenesis of asthma and central to the development of hypertension and its deleterious consequences.A large cross-sectional study of middle-aged persons with asthma showed that the prevalence of hypertension was higher among those with lower values for forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), with the risk of hyper- tension increasing as the FEV1 decreased.Furthermore, C-reactive protein levels, a marker of systemic inflammation related to interleukin-6 and hypertension, were correlated with the rate of loss of FEV1.Such findings may imply a reciprocal relationship, wherein systemic inf lam- mation influences the disease course for both hypertension and asthma.

译文

全身性炎症是由高血压和哮喘引起的疾病负担的基础。炎症被广泛认为是哮喘发病机理的基础和高血压发展及其有害后果的中心。 中年哮喘患者显示,在1秒内强制呼气量(FEV1)值较低的人群中,高血压的患病率较高,随着FEV1的降低,高血压的风险也随之增加。此外,C反应蛋白水平 与白细胞介素6和高血压相关的全身性炎症标志物与FEV1的丢失率相关。这些发现可能暗示了相互关系,其中全身性发炎影响高血压和哮喘的病程。