Kansas city 美 /'kænzəs/
释义 n. 堪萨斯州（美国州名）
cardiomyopathy 英 /,kɑːdɪəʊmaɪ'ɒpəθɪ/ 美 /,kɑrdɪomaɪ'ɑpəθi/
释义 n. （尤指原发性的）心肌症，心肌病
例句 Diabetic cardiomyopathy is one of the main causes of death in diabetic patients.
questionnaire 英 /ˌkwestʃəˈneə(r)/ 美 /ˌkwɛstʃəˈnɛr/
释义 n. 问卷；调查表
例句 Please fill up this questionnaire for me.
作者： Jacob V. Spertus
期刊：Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes
A growing number of health status and HRQoL tools have been developed for populations with HF. Among these is the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) a multidimensional scale, which has substantial clinical utility for measuring outcomes of HF over time. Health status was evaluated using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ), a 23-item, disease specific questionnaire that quantifies patients’ symptoms, physical and social limitations, self-efficacy, and quality of life due to heart failure. The KCCQ has undergone extensive reliability and validity testing in various heart failure populations, including those with severe aortic stenosis. Each domain is converted to a range of 0 to 100, where higher scores indicate fewer symptoms, less functional limitation, and better quality of life. The Symptom, Physical Limitation, Social Limitation, and Quality of Life scales can be combined to form the KCCQ Overall Summary scale (KCCQ-OS), which also ranges from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating better health status. Lower KCCQ scores have been associated with increased risk of death, including in patients undergoing TAVR. Changes of 5, 10, and 20 points correspond to small, moderate, or large clinical improvements, respectively. The KCCQ was administered before randomization and at 1, 6, and 12 months later, providing a longitudinal trajectory summarizing surviving patients’ health status over time. Mortality was measured as death from any cause. At the time of database lock for the quality of life study, all patients had been followed for survival for at least 1 year and up to 30 months.