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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Stress cardiomyopathy
Stress cardiomyopathy

心血管

关键词心血管 疾病 心肌病

词汇介绍

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解析

Stress 英 /stres/   美 /strɛs/

释    义   n. 压力;强调;紧张;重要性;重读

同根词   stressful adj. 紧张的;有压力的;

Stressor n.紧张性刺激;光彩

例    句   It can increase stress ability of sensitizer. 该药能增强抗体的应激能力。

 

cardiomyopathy 英/,kɑːdɪəʊmaɪ'ɒpəθɪ/  美 /,kɑrdɪomaɪ'ɑpəθi/

释    义   n. 心肌症,心肌病

例 句  Objective To study the related factors of peripartum cardiomyopathy(PPCM) patients outcomes for echocardiography characteristics. 目的:探寻影响围生期心肌病患者临床转归的超声因素。


概述

定义应激性心肌病是一种临床综合征,特征是急性和短暂(<21 天)的左心室(LV)收缩(和舒张)功能障碍,通常与情绪或身体应激事件有关,最常见于前几天(1-5 天)。该综合征定义为LV节段性室壁运动异常,其特征为超出心外膜单支冠状动脉供血范围。局部LV室壁运动异常的典型表现为伴有基底段运动过度的心尖段运动功能减退/运动消失/运动功能障碍(心尖膨胀)。诱发因素情绪和/或身体压力是应激性心肌病的诱因。报告中最常见的情绪压力包括亲人去世、遇袭、暴力、自然灾害、巨大的经济损失,其中大多数涉及到厄运、危险和

Stress Cardiomyopathy Diagnosis and Treatment复制标题

应激性心肌病的诊断与治疗

发表时间:2018-10-08

影响因子:16.8

作者: Horacio Medina de Chazal

期刊:J AM COLL CARDIOL

Stress cardiomyopathy is a clinical syndrome characterized by an acute and transient (<21 days) left ventricular (LV) systolic (and diastolic) dysfunction often related to an emotional or physical stressful event, most often identified in the preceding days (1 to 5 days). The presence of LV regional wall motion abnormalities characteristically extending beyond a single epicardial coronary artery distribution defines the syndrome. The typical pattern of regional LV wall motion abnormality is the apical hypokinesia/ akinesia/dis-kinesia (apical ballooning) with basal hyperkinesis.The typical patient with stress cardiomyopathy is a postmenopausal woman who presents with acute or subacute onset of chest pain (>75%) and/or shortness of breath (approximately 50%), often with dizziness (>25%) and occasional syncope (5% to 10%).The diagnosis of stress cardiomyopathy is based on the demonstration of a regional LV wall motion abnormality beyond the territory perfused by a single epicardial coronary artery that is reversible in nature and is often associated with an emotional or physical stress.Stress cardiomyopathy is an acute cardiac disorder with a transient left ventricular wall motion abnormality, and it must be promptly differentiated from ACS for appropriate management. Although it has gained worldwide recognition, there remains much to learn regarding the epidemiology and underlying pathophysiology. Additional randomized and controlled trials are warranted to identify the optimal diagnostic methods and treatment.

译文

应激性心肌病是一种临床综合征,其特征是急性和短暂(<21天)左心室(LV)收缩(和舒张)功能障碍,通常与情绪或身体压力事件有关,最常见于前几天(1至5天) )。 LV区域壁运动异常的存在特征性地延伸超过单个心外膜冠状动脉分布定义了该综合征。局部LV壁运动异常的典型模式是伴有基底运动过度的心尖运动功能减退/运动不能/运动功能障碍(心尖膨胀)。典型的应激性心肌病患者是绝经后妇女,其出现急性或亚急性胸痛(> 75%)和/或呼吸短促(约50%),常伴有头晕(> 25%)和偶有晕厥(5例) %到10%)。应激性心肌病的诊断是基于单个心外膜冠状动脉灌注的区域性左心室壁运动异常的证明,该心房本质上是可逆的并且通常与情绪或身体压力相关。应激性心肌病是一种急性心脏病,伴有短暂的左心室壁运动异常,必须及时与ACS进行适当的治疗。虽然它已获得全世界的认可,但在流行病学和潜在的病理生理学方面仍有许多值得学习的地方。需要进行额外的随机对照和对照试验,以确定最佳的诊断方法和治疗方法。