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Cardiomyopathy

心血管

关键词心血管 疾病 心肌病

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

cardiomyopathy 英/,kɑːdɪəʊmaɪ'ɒpəθɪ/  美 /,kɑrdɪomaɪ'ɑpəθi/

释        义    n. 心肌症,心肌病

同近义词   myocardiopathy n. 心肌损害,心肌病

例    句  Objective To study the related factors of peripartum cardiomyopathy(PPCM) patients outcomes for echocardiography characteristics. 目的:探寻影响围生期心肌病患者临床转归的超声因素。

概述

心肌病是心肌的病变,其当代定义是心肌结构和功能存在异常,且冠状动脉疾病、高血压、心脏瓣膜病和先天性心脏病无法解释这些异常的疾病。心肌病包括结构和功能表型各异的多种心肌病变,常为遗传性。定义1980年,WHO将心肌病定义为“不明原因的心肌疾病”,用以区分心肌病与高血压、缺血性心脏病或心脏瓣膜病等明确心血管疾病所致的心功能不全。但临床上,“心肌病”一词也用于描述明确心血管原因所致心肌疾病,如“缺血性心肌病”和“高血压性心肌病”。2006年AHA的科学声明提出了心肌病当代定义和分类。专家共识组提出

Meta-analysis of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Various Cardiomyopathies复制标题

各种心肌病患者心房颤动的Meta分析

发表时间:2019-04-24

影响因子:3.2

作者: Jean Jacques Noubiap

期刊:Am J Cardiol

Cardiomyopathies represent a group of disorders characterized by structurally and functionally abnormal myocardium in the absence of hypertension, pericardial disease, valvular, or congenital heart disease sufficient to cause the observed myocardial dysfunction. They are an important cause of heart failure and are associated with a high incidence of arrhythmias including ventricular tachycardias and atrial fibrillation (AF). AF is the most prevalent cardiac arrhythmia and is a major public health problem. Mostly asymptomatic, the importance of AF lies in its complications such as heart failure, tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy, and cardioembolic events such as stroke and premature mortality. AF has been shown to be frequent in patients with cardiomyopathies and associated with poor outcomes.For instance, AF is the most prevalent arrhythmia in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC), affecting up to 1 in 4 of these patients. AF in HC is associated with increased risk of stroke, heart failure, cardiac, and all-cause mortality. AF also seems to be frequent in dilated cardiomyopathy (DC), and is associated to heart failure and a poor survival. Despite the importance of AF in cardiomyopathies, except for HC, pooled estimations of the burden of AF are not available for the other forms of cardiomyopathies including DC, Takotsubo, arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC), peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM), or inflammatory cardiomyopathies.

译文

心肌病代表一组疾病,其特征在于在没有高血压,心包疾病,瓣膜或先天性心脏病的情况下结构和功能异常的心肌,足以引起观察到的心肌功能障碍。它们是心力衰竭的重要原因,并且与心律失常的高发生率相关,包括室性心动过速和心房颤动(AF)。房颤是最常见的心律失常,是一个主要的公共卫生问题。大多数无症状,房颤的重要性在于其并发症,如心力衰竭,心动过速引起的心肌病,以及中风和过早死亡等心源性栓塞事件。 AF已被证实在心肌病患者中很常见且与预后不良有关。例如,房颤是肥厚型心肌病(HC)患者中最常见的心律失常,影响多达四分之一的患者。 HC中的AF与卒中,心力衰竭,心脏病和全因死亡率的风险增加有关。 AF在扩张型心肌病(DC)中似乎也很常见,并且与心力衰竭和生存率低有关。尽管AF在心肌病中的重要性,除HC外,其他形式的心肌病,包括DC,Takotsubo,致心律失常性心肌病,限制性心肌病,左心室非致密化(LVNC),围产期心肌病(PPCM)无法获得AF负担的汇总估计。 ),或炎症性心肌病。