微信扫码关注“小狗文献”

即刻体验更多权益

文献多,下载快,翻译准

首页 > 医学词汇大全 > End-Stage Heart Failure
End-Stage Heart Failure

心血管

关键词心血管 疾病 心血管疾病

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

End 英 /end/ 美 /ɛnd/ 

释    义   n. 结束;目标;尽头;末端;死亡

vi. 结束,终止;终结

vt. 结束,终止;终结

同根词   Endless adj.无止境的;连续的;环状的;漫无目的的

例    句   His statement ended with the words: 'Pray for me'.

他的最后说“为我祈祷”。

 

Stage 英 /steɪdʒ/ 美 /stedʒ/

释    义   n. 阶段;舞台;戏剧;驿站

vt. 举行;上演;筹划

vi. 举行;适于上演;乘驿车旅行

同根词   Staged adj.分期的

例    句   Madge did not want to put her daughter on the stage. 

玛奇不想让自己的女儿从事戏剧表演。

 

Heart 英 /hɑːt/ 美 /hɑrt/ 

释    义   n. 心脏;感情;勇气;心形;要点

vt. 鼓励;铭记

vi. 结心

同根词   Hearty adj.衷心的;丰盛的;健壮的;精神饱满的

例    句   She replied to a lonely hearts ad.

她回应了一则征婚启事。

 

Failure 英 /'feɪljə/ 美 /'feljɚ/ 

释    义   n. 失败;故障;失败者;破产  复数 failures

同根词   Failed adj.已失败的,不成功的

例    句   There were also several accidents mainly caused by engine failures on take-off.

还有几次事故主要是起飞时引擎出现故障造成的。

概述

终末期心力衰竭ESHF,又称进展性心力衰竭(Advanced Heart Failure)、顽固性心力衰竭(Refractory Heart Failure)或D期心力衰竭(Stage-D Heart Failure)。美国Adams和Zannad首次于1998年尝试对其进行界定,而此后各国家的心血管协会予以足够重视,均在指南中对终末期心衰进行了定义。虽然大家对于终末期心衰的确切定义之间仍存在差异,但一致均将以下内容作为核心:经过优化的内科、外科和器械的规范优化治疗,患者休息时仍有明显的症状

Impact of Heart Transplantation on the Functional Status of U.S. Children with End-Stage Heart Failure复制标题

心脏移植对美国儿童终末期心力衰竭功能状态的影响

发表时间:2017-03-07

影响因子:23.1

作者: David M. Peng

期刊:Circulation

In the most recent era, the vast majority of children who survive at least one year after HT can expect to enjoy excellent FS, meaning they are highly active without significant limitations. By contrast, children with end-stage heart failure have poor FS, a state that can be improved substantially by HT. Patients that are older, African American, have rejection during the first year after HT, are sicker or hospitalized at HT, and those receiving steroids at HT, are more likely to have abnormal FS after HT. Nevertheless, overall FS after HT appears to be excellent. These present-day findings may be helpful to clinicians who are tasked with counseling families regarding the expectations for post-HT life, and perhaps to critical care providers whose direct experience looking after the sickest patients may not always allow them to appreciate the long-term promise of HT therapy. Lastly, as patient survival continues to improve across eras, greater attention needs to be placed on understanding how to optimize the overall quality of life of children after a life-saving heart transplant and into adulthood.

译文

在最近的一个时代,绝大多数在HT后至少存活一年的孩子可以期待享受优秀的FS,这意味着他们非常活跃而没有明显的限制。相比之下,患有终末期心力衰竭的儿童FS较差,这种状态可以通过HT显着改善。年龄较大的非洲裔美国人,在HT后的第一年内有排斥反应,在HT患者病情加重或住院治疗,而在HT患者服用类固醇的患者在HT后更容易出现FS异常。然而,HT之后的整体FS看起来非常出色。这些当前的研究结果可能对那些负责咨询家庭关于HT后生活期望的临床医生有所帮助,也许对重症监护服务提供者来说可能并不总能让他们长期欣赏这些服务提供者。 HT疗法的承诺。最后,随着患者生存期的不断提高,需要更多地关注如何在挽救生命的心脏移植和成年后优化儿童的整体生活质量。