微信扫码关注“小狗文献”

即刻体验更多权益

文献多,下载快,翻译准

首页 > 医学词汇大全 > hypertension
hypertension

心血管

关键词心血管 疾病 高血压

词汇介绍

拓展阅读

解析

Hypertension 英/haɪpə'tenʃ(ə)n/ 美/,haɪpɚ'tɛnʃən/

释    义   a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater) n. 高血压;过度紧张

同根词   hypertrophy n.[病理] 肥大;过度增大;hypersomnia n.嗜睡,[医] 睡眠过度

例    句   Hypertension and high cholesterol can be controlled.

高血压和高胆固醇可以控制。

概述

定义2017年,美国心脏病学会/美国心脏协会(ACC/AHA)提出了下述定义:正常血压–收缩压<120 mmHg且舒张压<80 mmHg;血压升高–收缩压为120-129 mmHg且舒张压<80 mmHg;高血压:1级高血压–收缩压为130-139 mmHg或舒张压为80-89 mmHg;2级高血压–收缩压≥140 mmHg或舒张压≥90 mmHg。如果收缩压和舒张压的分期不同,则以较高的分期为准。

2018 ESC/ESH Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension复制标题

2018 ESC/ESH动脉高血压管理指南

发表时间:2019-04-21

影响因子:23.4

作者: Bryan Williams

期刊:Eur. Heart J.

Hypertension is defined as office SBP values ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic BP (DBP) values≥90 mmHg. This is based on evidence from multiple RCTs that treatment of patients with these BP values is beneficial. The same classification is used in younger, middle aged, and older people, whereas BP centiles are used in children and teenagers, in whom data from interventional trials are not available. Details on BP classification in boys and girls ≤16 years of age can be found in the 2016 ESH Guidelines for children and adolescents. Based on office BP, the global prevalence of hypertension was estimated to be 1.13 billion in 2015, with a prevalence of over 150 million in central and eastern Europe. The overall prevalence of hypertension in adults is around 30 - 45%, with a global age standardized prevalence of 24 and 20% in men and women, respectively, in 2015. This high prevalence of hypertension is consistent across the world, irrespective of income status, i.e. in lower, middle, and higher income countries. Hypertension becomes progressively more common with advancing age, with a prevalence of >60% in people aged >60 years. As populations age, adopt more sedentary lifestyles, and increase their body weight, the prevalence of hypertension worldwide will continue to rise. Elevated BP was the leading global contributor to premature death in 2015, accounting for almost 10 million deaths and over 200 million disability-adjusted life years.3 Importantly, despite advances in diagnosis and treatment over the past 30 years, the disability-adjusted life years attributable to hypertension have increased by 40% since 1990. SBP ≥140 mmHg accounts for most of the mortality and disability burden (70%), and the largest number of SBP-related deaths per year are due to ischaemic heart disease (4.9 million), haemorrhagic stroke (2.0 million), and ischaemic stroke (1.5 million).

译文

高血压定义为办公室SBP值≥140mmHg和/或舒张压(DBP)值≥90mmHg。这是基于多项随机对照试验的证据,即对这些血压值患者的治疗是有益的。同样的分类用于年轻人,中年人和老年人,而BP百升用于儿童和青少年,其中没有来自介入试验的数据。 2016年ESH儿童和青少年指南中可以找到有关16岁以下男孩和女孩血压分类的详细信息。 根据办公室BP,2015年全球高血压患病率估计为11.3亿,中欧和东欧的患病率超过1.5亿。成人高血压的总体患病率约为30-45%,2015年男性和女性的全球年龄标准化患病率分别为24%和20%。无论收入状况如何,全球高血压的高患病率在世界范围内是一致的。 ,即在低收入,中等收入和高收入国家。随着年龄的增长,高血压逐渐变得越来越普遍,年龄> 60岁的人群患病率> 60%。随着人口老龄化,采取更久坐的生活方式,增加体重,全球高血压的患病率将继续上升。 血压升高是2015年全球导致过早死亡的主要原因,导致近1000万人死亡和超过2亿残疾调整生命年.3重要的是,尽管过去30年诊断和治疗取得了进展,但残疾调整生命年自1990年以来,高血压患者人数增加了40%.SBP≥140mmHg占死亡和残疾负担的大部分(70%),每年SBP相关死亡人数最多的原因是缺血性心脏病(490万) ,出血性中风(200万)和缺血性中风(150万)。