Pulmonary 英/'pʌlmən(ə)rɪ/ 美/'pʌlmənɛri/
释 义 adj. 肺的；有肺的；肺状的
同近义词 pneumonic adj. 肺的；有肺的；肺状的
例 句 Results: The cause of congenital pulmonary hypoplasia may be related with heredity and virus infection early on fetus.
结 果 先天性肺发育不全的原因可能与遗传、胚胎早期病毒感染等因素有关。
A rterial 英/ɑː'tɪərɪəl/ 美/ɑr'tɪrɪəl/
释 义 adj. [解剖] 动脉的；干线的；像动脉的
同 根 词 arteriosclerotic n. 动脉硬化的
Objective：To discuss the means and clinic value of transcatheter arterial embolization in traumatogenic hemorrhage.
Hypertension 英/haɪpə'tenʃ(ə)n/ 美/,haɪpɚ'tɛnʃən/
释 义 a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater) n. 高血压；过度紧张
同 根 词 hypertrophy n.[病理] 肥大；过度增大；hypersomnia n.嗜睡，[医] 睡眠过度
例 句 Hypertension and high cholesterol can be controlled.
作者： Jodie L. Babitt
The diagnosis is often delayed because the presenting features of PH are frequently attributed incorrectly to age, deconditioning, or a coexisting or alternate medical condition. As a result, PH is often not suspected until symptoms become severe or serious. It has been estimated that more than 20 percent of patients have symptoms of PH for longer than two years before it is recognized. Symptoms — Common symptoms include the following: Dyspnea and fatigue; Symptoms of right ventricular (RV) failure：Exertional chest pain，Exertional syncope，Weight gain from edema，Anorexia and/or abdominal pain and swelling. The diagnosis of PAH requires RHC to demonstrate an mPAP ≥20 mmHg at rest and a pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) ≥3 Wood units. Several additional criteria to exclude the remaining categories of PH must also be met: Mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure ≤15 mmHg (to exclude PH due to left heart disease [ie, group 2 PH])；CLDs and other causes of hypoxemia are mild or absent (to exclude PH owing to CLD or hypoxemia [ie, group 3 PH])；Venous thromboembolic disease and pulmonary artery obstructions are absent (to exclude group 4 PH)；Certain miscellaneous disorders are absent, including systemic disorders (eg, sarcoidosis, chronic renal insufficiency), hematologic disorders (eg, myeloproliferative diseases and chronic hemolytic anemias), and metabolic disorders (eg, glycogen storage disease). The purpose is to exclude PH with unclear multifactorial mechanisms (group 5 PH).