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首页 > 医学词汇大全 > Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Dilated Cardiomyopathy

心血管

关键词心血管 疾病 心肌病

词汇介绍

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解析

dilated 英[dai'leitid]

释义   adj.  扩大的;膨胀的;加宽的

例句   Prevention of dilated cardiomyopathy appears to be possible through regular supplementation with these two amino acids.

因此,有规律服用这两种氨基酸补充剂可能可以预防扩张型心肌病的发生。

 

cardiomyopathy 英  [,kɑːdɪəʊmaɪ'ɒpəθɪ]

释义   n.心肌症,心肌病

短语   hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 肥厚型心肌病;肥大型心肌病

例句   Objective To evaluate the regional myocardial systolic function in the patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(HCM) by strain imaging technique. 

目的应用应变成像技术对肥厚型心肌病患者和正常人的心功能进行研究。

概述

定义扩张型心肌病(DCM)是一种异质性心肌病,以心室扩大和心肌收缩功能降低为特征,发病时除外高血压、心脏瓣膜病、先天性心脏病或缺血性心脏病等。DCM的临床表现为:心脏逐渐扩大、心室收缩功能降低、心衰、室性和室上性心律失常、传导系统异常、血栓栓塞和猝死。病因原发性DCM:(1)家族性DCM:约60%FDCM患者显示与DCM相关的60个基因之的遗传学改变,其主要方式为常染色体遗传。(2)获得性DCM:指遗传易感与环境因素共同作用引起的DCM。(3)特发性DCM:原因不明,需要排除全身性疾病,据文献报

Genetic Basis of Dilated Cardiomyopathy复制标题

扩张型心肌病的遗传基础

发表时间:2016-12-01

影响因子:6.2

作者: Alexandra Perez-Serra

期刊:INT J CARDIOL

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a rare cardiac entity representing a vital health issue both in the adult and paediatric population. It is characterized by dilatation of heart muscle, ventricular walls become thin and systolic impairment of left or both ventricles emerge. The prevalence of DCM in remains to clarify despite a recent study suggests a prevalence of 1 in 2,500 individuals. The incidence is 7 per 100,000, and males are more frequently affected than females (3:1). In the paediatric population, DCM is the predominant type of cardiomyopathy with an incidence of 0,57 per 100,000 cases. DCM has high rates of morbidity, mortality and is the most frequent cause of heart failure (HF) in the young. Classical criteria for the diagnosis of DCM are the presence of left ventricular fractional shortening <25% and/or left ventricular ejection fraction <45%, and left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions >117% of the predicted value by the Henry formula.

译文

扩张型心肌病(DCM)是一种罕见的心脏实体,代表了成人和儿童人群中的重要健康问题。 其特征是心肌扩张,心室壁变薄,左心室或两个心室的收缩功能受损。 尽管最近的一项研究表明,2,500人中有1人患病,但DCM患病率仍有待澄清。 发病率为每10万人7例,男性受影响的频率高于女性(3:1)。 在儿科人群中,DCM是主要的心肌病类型,每10万例发病率为0.57。 DCM具有高发病率,死亡率,并且是年轻人心力衰竭(HF)的最常见原因。 诊断DCM的经典标准是左心室缩短分数<25%和/或左心室射血分数<45%,左心室舒张末期尺寸>亨利公式预测值的117%。