apoptosis /,æpəp'tosɪs; ,æpə'tosɪs/
释 义 n. 细胞凋亡；细胞死亡
例 句 Once they had the right combination, the researchers designed a synthetic gene which codes for a protein that promotes apoptosis, or programmed cell death. 确认了正确的组合之后，研究人员设计了一种合成基因。它对一种能够促成细胞凋亡（一种受控的细胞死亡）的蛋白质进行编码。
释 义 n. 心肌细胞
同根词 cardiovascular adj 心血管的
例 句 But any type of change as far as decreasing risk of cardiovascular disease would be premature. 但是，就降低心血管疾病的风险而言，任何类型的改变都还为时尚早。
作者： Andrew A. Jarrah
Apoptosis is a major cause of myocyte cell death during ischemic reperfusion injury and chronic heart failure; SDF-1 seems to be contributing to this process through various pathways. MAPK pathways, p38 and JNK/SAPK can be induced by various insults including hypoxia and they been known to play a role in mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. The exact mechanism(s) involved in the pro-apoptotic action of this MAPK signaling pathway is not known.